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See also:
U+723A, 爺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-723A

[U+7239]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+723B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 88, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金大尸十中 (CKSJL), four-corner 80127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 690, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1103, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2040, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+723A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𤕓
𨈺

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laː): semantic (father) + phonetic (OC *laː).

Etymology[edit]

Vovin and McCraw (2011) compare it to Old Turkic [script needed] (uya, relative).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ia2 - vernacular (“father”);
  • ie2 - literary (“grandfather”).

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14762
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) father
    木蘭長兄鞍馬從此 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    木兰长兄鞍马从此 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 木蘭詩; translation by Jack Yuan
    Ā wú dà ér, mùlán wú chángxiōng. Yuàn wèi shì ānmǎ, cóngcǐ tì zhēng. [Pinyin]
    My father has no grown-up son, and I (Mulan) have no elder brother. I'm willing to buy a horse and saddle, to go to battle in my father's place.
  2. grandfather
  3. (polite) grandpa; sir (term of address for an elderly man)
  4. (archaic, honorific) sir (term of address for a rich or influential man)
  5. (honorific) term of address for gods and the Buddha
  6. (colloquial, derogatory or familiar, Northern China, male) I; me

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. old man
  2. grandfather

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
じじい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
じじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
じい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(じい) (ぢい ()?

  1. a grandfather
    (じい)さん
    (o) jī-san
    grandfather
    (じい)ちゃん
    (o) jī-chan
    grandpa; granddad

(じい) (ぢい ()?
(alternative reading hiragana じじ, rōmaji jiji, historical hiragana ぢぢ)
(alternative reading hiragana じじい, rōmaji jijī, historical hiragana ぢぢい)

  1. an old man; a geezer; a gramps
    (じい)ちゃん
    (o) jī-chan
    mister
    • 1990 June 25 [Feb 17 1990], Morikawa, George, “Round(ラウンド) 5 1965(ねん)のアッパーカット [Round 5: 1965’s Uppercut]”, in はじめの(いっ)() THE FIGHTING! [The First Step: THE FIGHTING!], volume 1 (fiction), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 131:
      バカヤロオ 会長(じじい)(とし) (かんが)えろ (しん)(ぞう)()まっちまうだろうが‼
      Bakayarō jijī no toshi kangaero shinzō tomatchimau darō ga‼
      You idiot‼ Think about gramps’s age‼ His heart coulda stopped‼
      うわぁ すいません
      Uwā suimasen
      Oww! I’m sorry!

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 아비 (abi ya))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: gia

  1. Hán tự form of gia.