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See also: , 𤣩, and
U+7389, 玉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7389

[U+7388]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+738A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 𤣩 (When used as a radical component)

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #96, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𤣩
𠀛

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
玉-oracle.svg 玉-bronze.svg 玉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋroːɡ
*ŋuɡ
*kʰoɡ
*ŋoɡ
鳿 *ŋoɡ
*ŋoɡ, *hŋoɡ

The character's shape was historically very similar to ; a dot was introduced to differentiate the two. It originally meant “blemished jade”. can also be found written as () for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形): a picture of a cong (), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nguŏh - vernacular;
  • ngṳ̆k - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ge̍k/gia̍k - vernacular;
    • gio̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
    Harbin /y⁵³/
    Tianjin /y⁵³/
    Jinan /y²¹/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
    Xi'an /y²¹/
    Xining /y⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /y¹³/
    Lanzhou /y¹³/
    Ürümqi /y²¹³/
    Wuhan /y³⁵/
    Chengdu /y¹³/
    Guiyang /i²¹³/
    Kunming /i²¹²/
    Nanjing /y⁴⁴/
    Hefei /zz̩ʷ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /y⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /y³⁵/
    Hohhot /y⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵioʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵioʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ȵioʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /y²²/
    Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /y⁵⁵/
    /ʐəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /y⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /y²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
    Nanning /juk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /juk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
    /gik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋy⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /gek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³³/
    /zi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ](r)ok/ (< uvular?)
    English jade

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15971
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋoɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. jade (originally nephrite, now also including jadeite)
    2. precious stone; gem
    3. pure; beautiful
    4. (honorific) your

    Hyponyms[edit]

    • (jade): (qióng) (precious jade, esp. red jade)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たま
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    kun'yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たま, rōmaji tama)

    1. ball
    2. (a Japanese) coin
      一円玉 (いちえんだま)
      ichi en dama
      one-yen coin
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    on'yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぎょく, rōmaji gyoku)

    1. precious stone
    2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
    3. a stock being traded
    4. geisha

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぎょく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Abbreviation of 玉将

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぎょく, rōmaji gyoku)

    1. king in shogi

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 구슬 (guseul ok))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngọc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.