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See also:
U+7403, 球
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7403

[U+7402]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7404]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈十水 (MGIJE), four-corner 13132, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 732, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1144, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1114, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7403

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
球-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *qʰu
絿 *ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ko
*ɡu

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡu): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡu).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
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"Ball", earlier some "kind of jade". Bodman (1980) relates this to Wuming Zhuang klauA2 (ball), and relates (qiú, “gem-adorned”) to Tibetan གྲུ (gru, lustre of gems). This character had a softened initial in Proto-Min.

Originally written as (since Tang dynasty). The form (since Qing dynasty) is now more common.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guw/
Li
Rong
/ɡiu/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiú
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiú
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)[u]/
English "ball"?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10561
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
𧚍
Old
Chinese
/*ɡu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ball, globe, orb
  2. (mathematics) sphere
  3. round, spherical
  4. earth
  5. ball (in sports)
  6. ball game
  7. Classifier for spherical objects.
  8. (Teochew, Xiang) Classifier for stringed objects. string
  9. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin, vulgar) Expletive. Often used in the form of ……個球. Underlying meaning may be "testes".

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beautiful jade; tinkle of jade objects”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (gjuw, ball, sphere, orb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, rōmaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. sphere; globe; orb
  2. (baseball) pitch
  3. (slang, electronics) vacuum tube, valve
     () (きゅう)スーパーラジオ
    gokyū sūpā rajio
    five-tube superheterodyne receiver

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たま
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana たま, rōmaji tama)

  1. ball
  2. bulb (as in a light bulb)
  3. (slang, electronics) vacuum tube, valve
     (たま)のアンプ
    tama no anpu
    tube amplifier

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.