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U+9CE9, 鳩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9CE9

[U+9CE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9CEA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +2, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大弓竹日火 (KNHAF), four-corner 47027, composition)

  1. pigeon
  2. collect, assemble

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1481, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2013, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9CE9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𩾛
Wikipedia has articles on:
鳩鴿科 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Columbidae (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
鳩-bigseal.svg 鳩-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuː
*kʰuː, *kʰu, *ɡu
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*qʰruː
*ku
*ku
*kuʔ
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu, *kʷrɯwʔ
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
氿 *kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kuɡ
*qʰʷoɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kau1 - common for non-vulgar senses;
  • gau1 - common for vulgar senses.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuw/
Li
Rong
/kiu/
Wang
Li
/kĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)u/
English (a kind of bird)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6939
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ku/

Definitions[edit]

  1. animals in Columbidae
  2. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of (gau1).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. pigeon, dove
  2. (in compounds) to gather together (from the way that pigeons flock together)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
鳩 (hato): a pigeon, a dove.
Kanji in this term
はと
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Possibly onomatopoeia from the hatahata sound of a dove or pigeon's wings in flight.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はと, katakana ハト, rōmaji hato)

  1. a pigeon, a dove: a bird of genus Columba

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ハト.

Idioms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. pigeon, dove
  2. collect, assemble

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.