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See also:
U+9CE9, 鳩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9CE9

[U+9CE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9CEA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196, +2, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大弓竹日火 (KNHAF), four-corner 47027, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1481, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2013, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9CE9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𩾛
Wikipedia has articles on:
鳩鴿科 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Columbidae (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鳩-seal.svg 鳩-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuː
*kʰuː, *kʰu, *ɡu
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*qʰruː
*ku
*ku
*kuʔ
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu, *kʷrɯwʔ
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
氿 *kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kuɡ
*qʰʷoɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kau1 - common for non-vulgar senses;
  • gau1 - common for vulgar senses.
  • Min Nan

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiū
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiū
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k](r)u/
    English (a kind of bird)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6939
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ku/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pigeon; dove (family Columbidae)
    2. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of (gau1).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. pigeon, dove
    2. (in compounds) to gather together (from the way that pigeons flock together)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    鳩 (hato): a pigeon, a dove.
    Kanji in this term
    はと
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Possibly onomatopoeia from the hatahata sound of a dove or pigeon's wings in flight.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はと, katakana ハト, rōmaji hato)

    1. a pigeon, a dove: a bird of genus Columba

    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ハト.

    Idioms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

    1. pigeon, dove
    2. collect, assemble

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cưu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.