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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 竹一尸一月 (HMSMB), four-corner 27127, composition ⿰⿱𠂤)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 578, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 968, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1446, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+6B78

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
歸-oracle.svg 歸-bronze.svg 歸-silk.svg 歸-bigseal.svg 歸-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事): 𠂤 ‎(ancient form of (“troops”)) +  ‎(broom; sweep) – to eradicate the enemy and return.

Some analyse the component in the oracle bone script as a ligature of (“to stop, to cease”) and (“peripheral tribes”), i.e. “(of tribes in the periphery) to cease enmity and submit”.

A (“foot”) or (“walking”) component was further added in the bronze inscriptions.

Shuowen deems 𠂤 to be the phonetic component of this character.

Etymology 1[edit]

Starostin and Schuessler (2007) consider this a possible derivative of (OC *ɡuːl, “to revolve; to return”). Compared with Tibetan འཁོར ‎('khor, circle; turn), འཁོར་བ ‎('khor ba, to turn round; to return) by Xue (2001) and Wang (2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuei²¹/
Jinan /kuei²¹³/
Qingdao /kue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuei²⁴/
Xi'an /kuei²¹/
Xining /kuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kuei³¹/
Ürümqi /kuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /kuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuəi³¹/
Hefei /kue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuei¹¹/
Pingyao /kuei¹³/
Hohhot /kuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kue⁵³/
Suzhou /kue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kui³³/
Wenzhou /kai³³/
/t͡ɕy³³/ 當歸
Hui Shexian /kue³¹/
Tunxi /kue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kuei³³/
Xiangtan /kuəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /kui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kui⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐi⁵³/
Nanning /kʷɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kui²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuj/
Li
Rong
/kiuəi/
Wang
Li
/kĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guī
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷəj/
English return (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17748
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klul/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to return (to a place); to come back to
  2. to return to (a person, a status); to revert to
  3. to submit to; to seek patronage
  4. to tend towards; to converge
  5. to belong to

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwi, gwe) (hangeul , , revised gwi, gwe, McCune-Reischauer kwi, kwe, Yale kwi, kwey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(qui, quy)

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