From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Stricken


English Wikipedia has an article on:

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English striken, ystriken, from Old English stricen, ġestricen, from Proto-West Germanic *strikan, from Proto-Germanic *strikanaz, past participle of Proto-Germanic *strīkaną (to strike).

Cognate with Saterland Frisian strieken, Dutch gestreken, German Low German streken, German gestrichen.


  • IPA(key): /ˈstɹɪkən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪkən


stricken (comparative more stricken, superlative most stricken)

  1. Struck by something.
    The town was stricken by a devastating earthquake that left many buildings in ruins.
  2. Disabled or incapacitated by something.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter III, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, →OCLC:
      Turning back, then, toward the basement staircase, she began to grope her way through blinding darkness, but had taken only a few uncertain steps when, of a sudden, she stopped short and for a little stood like a stricken thing, quite motionless save that she quaked to her very marrow in the grasp of a great and enervating fear.
    • 2021 February 3, Drachinifel, 20:43 from the start, in Guadalcanal Campaign - Santa Cruz (IJN 2 : 2 USN)[1], archived from the original on 4 December 2022:
      At about twenty past three in the afternoon, these aircraft duly began to arrive. The cruiser Northampton was towing Hornet at a stately five knots when, out of the sky, came seven torpedo-armed aircraft. They managed to miss the barely-moving Hornet with all but one drop... but one hit was really all that it took, the location causing additional damage to the stricken carrier and demolishing most of the repairs that had been made to the earlier damage.
    1. (military, nautical, of a warship) Having its name removed from a country's naval register, e.g. the United States Naval Vessel Register.

Derived terms[edit]




  1. past participle of strike
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins like a veteran army that had marched down to drink, only to be stricken motionless at the water’s edge.

Usage notes[edit]

See strike for use of this form (as opposed to struck).



eine strickende Bäurin – a knitting peasant woman


From Middle High German stricken (to tie, to knit), from Old High German stricken (to tie), derived from the noun stric, whence modern Strick (short rope for binding). Compare Dutch strikken. Displaced Middle High German bretten (to knit). The obsolete sense “to tie” still underlies in compounds (see below).


  • IPA(key): /ˈʃtrɪkən/, [ˈʃtʁɪ.kŋ̍], [ˈʃtʁɪ.kən]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (file)


stricken (weak, third-person singular present strickt, past tense strickte, past participle gestrickt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to knit
    Synonym: (Switzerland) lismen
  2. (figurative) to make, devise, concoct (e.g. a story, a ruse)
  3. (archaic to obsolete) to tie, knot


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]