Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+4EC7, 仇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EC7

[U+4EC6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EC8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人大弓 (OKN), four-corner 24217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 193, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 109, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EC7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms “resentment”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
仇-bigseal.svg 仇-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuː
*kʰuː, *kʰu, *ɡu
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*qʰruː
*ku
*ku
*kuʔ
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu, *kʷrɯwʔ
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
氿 *kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kuɡ
*qʰʷoɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡu): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kuʔ) – spouse.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guw/
Li
Rong
/ɡiu/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiú
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)u/
English mate (*n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6944
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
𧚍
Old
Chinese
/*ɡu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hatred; enmity; resentment
  2. enemy; foe; adversary
  3. to make reprisals; to retaliate
  4. to proofread; to check against the original

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guw/
Li
Rong
/ɡiu/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiú
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)u/
English mate (*n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6944
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
𧚍
Old
Chinese
/*ɡu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. companion; peer
  2. spouse; mate
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かたき, rōmaji kataki)

  1. Alternative form of


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku)

  1. enemy
  2. hate, hatred
  3. enmity

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cừu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.