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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

仆/

simplified

仆/仆

traditional

仆/

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰoːɡs, *pʰus, *pʰoɡs, *bɯːɡ, *pʰoːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *poːɡ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人卜 (OY), four-corner 23200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 354
  • Dae Jaweon: page 193, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 108, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EC6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (2)
Final: (24)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨoH/ /pʰioH/ /pʰioH/ /pʰuə̆H/ /pʰioH/ /pʰĭuH/ /pʰi̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (2)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨuH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰiəuH/ /pʰuwH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰĭəuH/ /pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (2)
Final: (137)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰəuH/ /pʰəuH/ /pʰəuH/ /pʰəwH/ /pʰuH/ /pʰəuH/ /pʰə̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (3)
Final: (131)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bó
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bək̚/ /bək̚/ /bək̚/ /bək̚/ /bək̚/ /bək̚/ /bʱək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ phjuH › /*pʰ(r)ok-s/ fall prostrate
‹ phjuwH › /*pʰok-s/ fall prostrate
‹ phuwH › /*pʰˤ(r)ok-s/ fall prostrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
990 0 /*pʰoːɡs/
991 1 /*pʰus/
994 0 /*pʰoɡs/
997 0 /*bɯːɡ/
1002 0 /*pʰoːɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. fall forward
  2. lie prostrate, prone

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu, Yale pwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bộc, phó)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.