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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿卜竹尸 (TYHS), four-corner 44227, composition)

  1. fragrant
  2. virtuous
  3. beautiful
  4. A (typically female) given name

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1021, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30736
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1479, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3184, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+82B3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /faŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /fɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /faŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /faŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /faŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /faŋ⁵³/
Xining /fɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /fɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /faŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /faŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /faŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /fã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /faŋ³¹/
Hefei /fɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /fɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /fɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /fɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /fɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /huɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /fo³¹/
Tunxi /fau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fan³³/
Xiangtan /hɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /foŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /foŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /fɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
/pʰaŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
/pɔŋ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³³/
/pʰaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (2)
Final: (106)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰʉɐŋ/ /pʰʷiɐŋ/ /pʰiuɑŋ/ /pʰuaŋ/ /pʰiuaŋ/ /pʰĭwaŋ/ /pʰiwaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fāng ‹ phjang › /*[pʰ]aŋ/ fragrant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3041 0 /*pʰaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bang) (hangeul , revised bang, McCune-Reischauer pang, Yale pang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phương)

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