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U+9632, 防
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9632

[U+9631]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9633]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓中卜竹尸 (NLYHS), four-corner 70227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1347, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41576
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1848, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4118, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9632

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *praːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ
*paːŋʔ, *paːŋs, *baːŋ
*paːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋs, *paŋs
*paːŋs
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ, *pʰraːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋʔ, *baːŋ
*baːŋ, *pʰaŋʔ
*baːŋ, *paŋ, *paŋs
*baːŋ, *baŋ
*baːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *praːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *baːŋs
*baːŋ
*baːŋ
*baːŋs
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *pʰaŋs
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ, *paŋs
*paŋʔ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ, *pʰaŋs
*pʰaŋʔ
仿 *pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋs
*baŋ, *baŋs
*baŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baŋ, *baŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *paŋ, *baŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hòng - vernacular;
  • huòng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3baan - vernacular (e.g. 預防);
    • 3vaan - literary (e.g. 消防).

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /faŋ²⁴/ ~備
    /faŋ²¹³/ 國~
    Tianjin /fɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /faŋ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /faŋ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /faŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /faŋ²⁴/
    Xining /fɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /faŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /faŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /faŋ²¹/
    Kunming /fã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /faŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /fɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
    /xuə¹³/
    Hohhot /fɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /bɑ̃²³/
    /vɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /bɑ̃¹³/
    /vɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /bɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /fo⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /fau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɔŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /foŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /foŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /fɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /fɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (3) (3)
    Final () (106) (106)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐŋ/ /bʉɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐŋ/ /bʷiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɑŋ/ /biuɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buaŋ/ /buaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuaŋ/ /biuaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwaŋ/ /bĭwaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱiwaŋ/ /bʱiwaŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fáng fàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m-p]aŋ/
    English dike

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 3053 3059
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baŋ/ /*baŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dam; embankment
    2. fortress; stronghold
    3. to dam; to block; to build an embankment
    4. to prevent; to guard against
    5. to defend; to protect
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. dam, embankment
    2. prevent, anti-, -proof
    3. defend

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    dam, embankment
    prevent, anti-, -proof
    defend

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bang) (hangeul , revised bang, McCune–Reischauer pang, Yale pang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phòng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • Nôm: phòng

    Compounds[edit]