便

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See also: 使

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
便-bw.png

Han character[edit]

便 (radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人一中大 (OMLK), four-corner 21246, composition)

  1. convenience, ease
  2. expedient
  3. news

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 103, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 659
  • Dae Jaweon: page 219, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 157, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4FBF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
便

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 便
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
便-bronze.svg 便-bigseal.svg 便-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + :to simplify the tense state

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 便 便
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇn/ /biᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛn/ /biɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæn/ /bjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bian/ /bianH/
Li
Rong
/biɛn/ /biɛnH/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛn/ /bĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛn/ /bʱi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pián biàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 便 便
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
biàn pián
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjienH › ‹ bjien ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]e[n]-s/ /*[b]e[n]/
English comfortable; advantageous glib-tongued

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 便 便
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 773 778
Phonetic
component
便 便
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
便 便
Old
Chinese
/*ben/ /*bens/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

便

  1. convenient, handy
    • 方便 (fāngbiàn, “convenient, suitable”)
    • 便利 (biànlì, “convenient, easy”)
    • 簡便简便 (jiǎnbiàn, “convinient, handy”)
  2. informal, ordinary, plain
    • 便衣 (biànyī, “civilian clothes”)
    • 便服 (biànfú, “informal clothes, everyday clothes”)
    • 便函 (“informal letter”)
  3. human waste
    • 小便 (xiǎobiàn, “to urinate”)
    • 大便 (dàbiàn, “to defecate”)
    • 便器 (biànqì, “toilet”)
    • 糞便粪便 (fènbiàn, “excrement, feces”)

Adverb[edit]

便

  1. soon afterward, as soon as
  2. then

Conjunction[edit]

便

  1. even if; even though
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

便

  1. cheap
    便  ―  piányi  ―  cheap

References[edit]

  • 便 in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

便

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

便 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana べん, romaji ben)

  1. convenient
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

便 ‎(hiragana べん, romaji ben)

  1. a convenience
  2. facilities
  3. bowel movement
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

便 ‎(hiragana びん, romaji bin)

  1. a flight
  2. mail
  3. (bus) service

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

便 ‎(hiragana よすが, romaji yosuga)

  1. way, means
  2. reminder
Synonyms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

便 ‎(pyeon, byeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeon, byeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏn, pyŏn)

  1. convenience, ease, comfortability
  2. stool

words[edit]



Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

便 (tiện, biền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]