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U+6B72, 歲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B72

[U+6B71]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B73]
See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一戈竹竹 (YMIHH), four-corner 21253, composition𣥂)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 577, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16326
  • Dae Jaweon: page 967, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1443, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+6B72

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𫞓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
歲-oracle.svg 歲-bronze.svg 歲-silk.svg 歲-bigseal.svg 歲-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷrad, *qʷad
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷaːds, *qʷads, *qʰʷaːd
*sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad
*kʷrads
*qʰʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʰʷaːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɢʷad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huói - vernacular;
  • suói - literary.
Note:
  • sòe - literary;
  • hèr/hè/hòe - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suei⁵¹/
Harbin /suei⁵³/
Tianjin /suei⁵³/
Jinan /suei²¹/
Qingdao /sue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suei³¹²/
Xi'an /suei²¹/
Xining /suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /suei¹³/
Lanzhou /suei¹³/
Ürümqi /suei²¹³/
Wuhan /sei³⁵/
Chengdu /suei¹³/
Guiyang /suei²¹³/
Kunming /suei²¹²/
Nanjing /suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /se⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suei³⁵/
Hohhot /suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /se̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³²⁴/
/ɕy³²⁴/
Tunxi /se⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /sei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /səi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sui⁵³/
Taoyuan /se⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³³/
Nanning /ɬui³³/
Hong Kong /søy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sue²¹/
/he²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ³³/
/sy³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sue²¹³/
/hue²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
/hue³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (36)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siuæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swiajH/
Li
Rong
/siuɛiH/
Wang
Li
/sĭwɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯wɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suì
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjwejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʷʰat-s/
English year

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12165 12175
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰʷads/ /*sqʰʷad/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. a year of the duodecennial Jovian orbital cycle or of the sexagenary cycle based upon it, (chiefly) used in discussion of age.
    /   ―  Nǐ jǐsuì?  ―  How old are you?
    今年十八 / 今年十八  ―  Wǒ jīnnián shíbā suì.  ―  I am 18 years old this year.
  2. Tai Sui, the god representing each of these years
  3. age
  4. time; period
  5. crop harvests of the year

Usage note[edit]

Ages in are traditionally reckoned using the Chinese lunar calendar, beginning with 1 at the moment of birth and increasing not during birthdays but at the Chinese New Year.

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(se) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer se, Yale sey)

  1. Age (counter)
  2. Year

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuế, tuổi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.