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U+6B72, 歲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B72

[U+6B71]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B73]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜一戈竹竹 (YMIHH), four-corner 21253, composition𣥂)

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 577, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16326
  • Dae Jaweon: page 967, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1443, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+6B72

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
歲-oracle.svg 歲-bronze.svg 歲-silk.svg 歲-seal.svg 歲-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷrad, *qʷad
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷaːds, *qʷads, *qʰʷaːd
*sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad
*kʷrads
*qʰʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʰʷaːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huói - vernacular;
  • suói - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hè/hèr/hòe - vernacular;
    • sòe - literary.
    Note:
    • huê3 - vernacular;
    • suê3 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suei⁵¹/
    Harbin /suei⁵³/
    Tianjin /suei⁵³/
    Jinan /suei²¹/
    Qingdao /sue⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /suei³¹²/
    Xi'an /suei²¹/
    Xining /suɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /suei¹³/
    Lanzhou /suei¹³/
    Ürümqi /suei²¹³/
    Wuhan /sei³⁵/
    Chengdu /suei¹³/
    Guiyang /suei²¹³/
    Kunming /sei²²/
    /suei²¹²/
    Nanjing /suəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /se⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suei⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /suei³⁵/
    Hohhot /suei⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /sz̩⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye³²⁴/
    /ɕy³²⁴/
    Tunxi /se⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /sei⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /səi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /sui⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sui⁵³/
    Taoyuan /se⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³³/
    Nanning /ɬui³³/
    Hong Kong /søy³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sue²¹/
    /he²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ³³/
    /sy³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sue²¹³/
    /hue²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
    /hue³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (36)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuᴇiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷiɛiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siuæiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swiajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuɛiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭwɛiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯wɛiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suì
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjwejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-qʷʰat-s/
    English year

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12165 12175
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sqʰʷads/ /*sqʰʷad/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Classical Chinese) Jupiter (planet)
    2. a year of the duodecennial Jovian orbital cycle or of the sexagenary cycle based upon it, (particularly) used in discussion of age.
      現在 / 现在  ―  Nǐ xiànzài jǐ suì?  ―  How old are you now?
      十八 / 十八  ―  Wǒ shíbā suì.  ―  I am 18 years old.
    3. Tai Sui, the god representing each of these years
    4. age
    5. time; period
    6. crop harvests of the year

    Usage note[edit]

    Ages in are traditionally reckoned using the Chinese lunar calendar, considered as 1 year old at the moment of birth and increasing not during birthdays, but at the Chinese New Year.

    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    This character lacks JIS support and is not used in Japan. The character (U+6B73) is used instead.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (se) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer se, Yale sey)

    1. Age (counter)
    2. Year

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tuế, tuổi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.