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See also:
U+7A62, 穢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A62

[U+7A61]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A63]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜一竹 (HDYMH), four-corner 21953, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 861, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1287, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2634, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7A62

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷrad, *qʷad
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds
*qʰʷaːds, *qʷaːds, *qʷads, *qʰʷaːd
*sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad
*kʷrads
*qʰʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʷads
*qʰʷaːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷads): semantic  (grain) + phonetic  (OC *sqʰʷads, *sqʰʷad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: mê4 - colloquial (“dirty”).
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • è/èr - vernacular;
    • òe - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (28)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔʉɐiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔʷiɐiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiuɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔuajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiuɐiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭwɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯wɐiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wèi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjwojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷat-s/
    English bad weeds; filth

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12168
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷads/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dirty; filthy; unclean
    2. immoral; obscene
    3. (dialectal Hakka, Malaysian Mandarin) disgusting; revolting

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“dirty”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 污穢
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 骯髒污穢
    Mandarin Beijing 腌臢骯髒
    Taiwan 骯髒
    Jinan 窩囊腌臢
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 拉瓜
    Chengdu 齷齪
    Yangzhou 邋遢
    Hefei 膿糟拾弄
    Cantonese Guangzhou 污糟邋遢揦鮓
    Hong Kong 污糟邋遢揦鮓
    Taishan 邋遢揦鮓
    Yangjiang 失引污糟揦鮓
    Gan Nanchang 腌臢
    Hakka Meixian 漚紐
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屙糟垃圾
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 屙糟垃圾
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 屙糟垃圾
    Dongshi (Dabu) 屙糟垃圾
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 屙糟垃圾
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 屙糟垃圾
    Jin Taiyuan 日髒腌臢
    Min Dong Fuzhou 懶露濫𡞟五鹵垃渣齷齪
    Min Nan Xiamen 流瘍流死瘍垃圾驚人垃儳
    Quanzhou 腌臢驚人
    Zhangzhou 腌臢垃圾淤漬驚人
    Taipei 垃圾垃儳癩哥爛癆驚人
    Kaohsiung 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥驚人
    Tainan 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥癩哥爛癆驚人
    Taichung 垃圾
    Hsinchu 垃圾腌臢癩哥
    Lukang 垃圾癩哥爛癆驚人
    Sanxia 垃圾腌臢癩哥驚人
    Yilan 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥爛癆驚人
    Kinmen 垃圾腌臢驚人垃儳癩哥
    Magong 垃圾腌臢驚人垃儳癩哥
    Penang 垃儳
    Philippines (Manila) 腌臢
    Chaozhou 垃圾垃圾相腌臢
    Wu Suzhou 齷齪邋遢
    Wenzhou 鏖糟
    Xiang Changsha 邋遢邋糊

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ye) (hangeul , revised ye, McCune–Reischauer ye, Yale yey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (uế)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.