あい

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the following entries.
S
[noun] grief; sorrow; sadness; lamentation
[noun] pity; sympathy
4
[noun] love
[noun] affection
[noun] tenderness
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] (Christianity) agape
[proper noun] a female given name
[proper noun] a surname
H
[affix] narrow; confined
H
[noun] one ten-billionth
J
[affix] beauty, beautiful girl (generally only used in names)
H
[affix] mist, haze
[affix] mistiness, haziness
[proper noun] a female given name
(This term, あい, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as あい, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as あい.)

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese stem form of verb あう (au): to meet, to be together, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

あい (ai- (historical kana あひ)

  1. mutual, together, each other
    (あい)()aitepartner; opponent
    兄弟(きょうだい)はいつも(あい)(たたか)うものだ。
    Kyōdai wa itsumo ai-tatakau mono da.
    Brothers (siblings) will always fight (with each other).
  2. used in official or epistolary writings for elegance or politeness

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative spellings 合い

Same as above.

Suffix[edit]

あい (-ai (historical kana あひ)

  1. mutual, together, each other, meeting
    ()()()imiaiimplication, shade of meaning, nuance

Noun[edit]

あい (ai (historical kana あひ)

  1. Short for 合い服 (あいふく, aifuku, clothing worn in spring or autumn).

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spelling

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

あい (ai (historical kana あひ)

  1. (literary or dialectal) interval of time or space; time; during; between; leisure
    ()(あい)にものが(はさ)ha no ai ni mono ga hasamusomething is sticking between the teeth
  2. relation; relationship; terms (between people)
    (ふう)()(あい)(わる)fūfu ai ga waruithe husband and wife are on bad terms
  3. Short for 間狂言 (aikyōgen).
  4. Short for 間駒 (aigoma).
  5. Short for 間の手 (ai no te).
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the following entry.
S
[noun] the Japanese indigo or Chinese indigo plant, Persicaria tinctoria
[noun] the color indigo, from the dye processed from the stems and leaves of various indigo plants
[noun] Short for 藍蝋 (airō): indigo pigment made from boiled-down indigo dye liquid
[proper noun] a female given name
[proper noun] a surname
Alternative spelling
アイ
(This term, あい, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as あい, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as あい.)

Etymology 6[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the following entry.
J
[noun] (obsolete) the ayu or sweetfish, Plecoglossus altivelis
(This term, あい, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as あい, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as あい.)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

あい (romaji ai)

  1. : ant