あい

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the following entries.
S
[noun]grief; sorrow; sadness; lamentation
[noun]pity; sympathy
4
[noun]love
[noun]affection
[proper noun]A female given name
[proper noun]A surname​.
H
[affix]narrow; confined
H
[noun]one billionth
[noun]dust
J
[affix]beauty, beautiful girl (generally only used in names)
H
[affix]mist, haze
[affix]mistiness, haziness
[proper noun]a female given name
(This term, あい, is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi あい, not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading あい.

Etymology 2[edit]

Hiragana modern あい
historical あひ
Kanji 合い

From Old Japanese. Ren'yōkei form of the verb あう (au, to meet, to be together, etc.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

あい (rōmaji ai-)

  1. : mutual, together, each other
     (あい) ()aitepartner; opponent
    兄弟 (きょうだい)はいつも (あい) (たたか)うものだ。
    Kyōdai wa itsumo ai-tatakau mono da.
    Brothers (siblings) will always fight (with each other).
Usage notes[edit]

Used only in compound words as a reciprocal prefix, frequently also prefixed to words in official or epistolary writings merely for elegance or politeness.

Suffix[edit]

あい (rōmaji -ai)

  1. 合い, : mutual, together, each other, meeting
     () () ()imiaiimplication, shade of meaning, nuance

Noun[edit]

あい (rōmaji ai)

  1. 合い, : Short for 合い服 (aifuku).

Etymology 3[edit]

Hiragana modern あい
historical あひ
Kanji

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

あい (rōmaji ai)

  1. (literary or dialectal) interval of time or space; time; during; between; leisure
     () (あい)にものが (はさ)ha no ai ni mono ga hasamusomething is sticking between the teeth
  2. relation; relationship; terms (between people)
     (ふう) () (あい) (わる)fūfu ai ga waruithe husband and wife are on bad terms
  3. Short for 間狂言 (aikyōgen).
  4. Short for 間駒 (aigoma).
  5. Short for 間の手 (ai no te).
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the entry at with the following definitions.
[noun]the Japanese indigo or Chinese indigo plant, Persicaria tinctoria
[noun]the color indigo, from the dye processed from the stems and leaves of various indigo plants
[noun]Short for 藍蝋 (airō): indigo pigment made from boiled-down indigo dye liquid
[proper noun]a female given name
[proper noun]a surname

(This term, あい, is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あい – see the entry at with the following definition.
[noun][obsolete]the ayu or sweetfish, Plecoglossus altivelis

(This term, あい, is a hiragana spelling of .)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

あい (romaji ai)

  1. : ant