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U+8D8A, 越
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D8A

[U+8D89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D8B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 156 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人戈女 (GOIV), four-corner 43805, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1216, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1686, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3480, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D8A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːd, *kʰʷad, *ɢʷad
*qʰʷaːd
*ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad
*kʰʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*qʰʷrɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɢʷad).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /yɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ye⁵³/
Jinan /yə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ye²⁴/
Xi'an /yɛ²¹/
Xining /yu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ye¹³/
Lanzhou /yə¹³/
Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ye²¹³/
Chengdu /ye³¹/
Guiyang /ie²¹/
Kunming /iɛ³¹/
Nanjing /yeʔ⁵/
Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ye²⁴/
Xiangtan /yæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /yɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
Nanning /yt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuak̚³/ 超~
/zuak̚⁵/ ~過

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (35) (33)
Final () (68) (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐt̚/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuat̚/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè huó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷat/
English pass over

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16330 16333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaːd/ /*ɢʷad/

Etymology 1[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. to go over; to climb over; to jump over
    翻山 / 翻山  ―  fānshānyuèlǐng  ―  to pass over mountains ridges
  2. (of time) to pass; to go through
  3. (figuratively) to go outside of ...; to exceed; to surpass
      ―  chāoyuè  ―  to surpass
      ―  yuèjiè  ―  to overstep a boundary
  4. (Min Nan) to turn, to turn around
    / [Min Nan]  ―  oa̍t-thâu [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to turn one's head
  5. more; -er
    …………  ―  yuè...... yuè......  ―  the more ..., the more ...
    …… / ……  ―  yuèláiyuè......  ―  to become increasingly ...

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to (“Yue; Cantonese”).

Definitions[edit]

  1. The Yue or Viet, ancient non-Han tribes in Southern China and Northern Vietnam.
  2. (historical) Short for 越國 (“The State of Yue, an ancient state in southern China”).
  3. Short for 越南 (“Vietnam”).
  4. Alternative term for 浙江 (“Zhejiang province, China”).
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wol, hwal)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: wol, hwal, McCune-Reischauer: wŏl, hwal, Yale: wel, hwal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(việt, vát, vẹt, vượt, nhông, vác, vệt, vót)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]