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See also:
U+4F10, 伐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F10

[U+4F0F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F11]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes
Taiwanese stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI), four-corner 23250, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 120, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F10

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
伐-oracle.svg 伐-bronze.svg 伐-seal.svg 伐-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːds, *bads, *bad
*paːd, *bad
*bad
*bad
*bad
*bad

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huăk - literary;
  • puăk - vernacular (“to stride; step”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hoa̍h - vernacular;
    • hoa̍t - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa³⁵/
    Harbin /fa²⁴/
    Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fa⁴²/
    Qingdao /fa⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fa⁴²/
    Xi'an /fa²⁴/
    Xining /fa²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /vaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /vaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /vɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fa²²/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
    Nanning /fat̚²²/
    Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
    /huaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuaʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-pat/
    English cut; strike; attack

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2859
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bad/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to kill; to slaughter; to behead
    2. to hack; to fell; to cut down; to hew
    3. to knock; to strike; to hit
    4. to send troops to suppress; to attack
    5. to remove; to eliminate; to take away
    6. to damage; to harm; to endanger
    7. to defeat; to thwart
    8. to criticize; to blame
    9. (Chinese astronomy) the name of three stars in the Three Stars mansion: 42 Orionis, θ2 Orionis and ι Orionis
    10. ridge soil
    11. Alternative form of (, “merit; achievement”).
    12. to brag about (oneself); to flaunt
    13. Alternative form of (, “shield”).
    14. Alternative form of (, “to punish”).
    15. (Min) to stride; to take a stride; to step forward; to step over
    16. (Min) step; footstep; stride
    17. (Min) Classifier for footsteps: step
    18. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“raft”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“contribution; family status; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“plow soil; place name”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to attack, to strike, to cut

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (beol) (hangeul , revised beol, McCune–Reischauer pŏl)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phạt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.