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U+4F10, 伐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F10

[U+4F0F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F11]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes
Taiwanese stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI), four-corner 23250, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 120, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F10

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
伐-oracle.svg 伐-bronze.svg 伐-bigseal.svg 伐-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːds, *bads, *bad
*paːd, *bad
*bad
*bad
*bad
*bad

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huăk - literary;
  • puăk - vernacular (“to stride; step”).
Note:
  • hoa̍h - vernacular;
  • hoa̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa³⁵/
Harbin /fa²⁴/
Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /fa⁴²/
Qingdao /fa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fa⁴²/
Xi'an /fa²⁴/
Xining /fa²⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa⁵³/
Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /vaʔ¹/
Suzhou /vaʔ³/
Hangzhou /vɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /fa²²/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
Nanning /fat̚²²/
Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/huaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buat̚/
Li
Rong
/biuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-pat/
English cut; strike; attack

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bad/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to kill; to slaughter; to behead
  2. to hack; to fell; to cut down; to hew
  3. to knock; to strike; to hit
  4. to send troops to suppress; to attack
  5. to remove; to eliminate; to take away
  6. to damage; to harm; to endanger
  7. to defeat; to thwart
  8. to criticize; to blame
  9. (Chinese astronomy) the name of three stars in the Three Stars mansion: 42 Orionis, θ2 Orionis and ι Orionis
  10. ridge soil
  11. Alternative form of (, “merit; achievement”).
  12. to brag about (oneself); to flaunt
  13. Alternative form of (“shield”).
  14. Alternative form of (, “to punish”).
  15. (Min) to stride; to take a stride; to step forward; to step over
  16. (Min) step; footstep; stride
  17. (Min) Classifier for footsteps: step
  18. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to attack, to strike, to cut

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(beol) (hangeul , revised beol, McCune-Reischauer pŏl)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.