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U+52FF, 勿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52FF

[U+52FE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5300]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 20, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心竹竹 (PHH), four-corner 27220, composition丿丿)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 150, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2501
  • Dae Jaweon: page 339, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 255, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+52FF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms Wu
Shanghainese Wu

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
勿-oracle.svg 勿-bronze.svg 勿-silk.svg 勿-seal.svg 勿-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – blood on a knife; the original character of (OC *mɯnʔ, “to cut”). Phonetically borrowed for the negative particle since the time of the oracle bone script.

Etymology 1[edit]

do not (verb) him/her/it!
Fusion of (OC *ma, “should not; don't!”) with (OC *tjɯ, “third-person pronoun”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mut̚/
Li
Rong
/miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjut › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*mut/ /*mut/
English don"t not ... it

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13219
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or formal, imperative) do not; don't
    吸煙吸烟  ―  qǐng xīyān  ―  no smoking (lit. please do not smoke)
  2. (literary or Wu) not
    [Shanghainese]  ―  [te̞³³ v̥əʔ⁵⁵ t͡ɕʰi²¹] [IPA]  ―  Sorry
  3. Used in 勿勿.
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Shanghainese, has the same sandhi as the light departing (陽去) tone, as opposed to the expected light checked (陽入) tone.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“(imperative) do not; don't”).

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 卹勿.

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ぶつ) (butsu

(もち) (mochi

  1. must not, do not, be not

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. negation
  2. prohibition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mul, mol) (hangeul , , revised mul, mol, McCune–Reischauer mul, mol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: vật, vặt, vất

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Zhuang[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Sawndip form of fwed (wing)