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U+4F11, 休
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F11

[U+4F10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F12]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
休-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人木 (OD), four-corner 24290, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 117, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+4F11

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
休-oracle.svg 休-bronze.svg 休-bigseal.svg 休-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰuː
*qʰruː, *qʰru
*kʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu, *qʰoʔ
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (man) + (tree) – a man leaning against a tree, resting.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiou²¹/
Jinan /ɕiou²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiou²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiou²¹/
Xining /ɕiɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiou³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕiəɯ³¹/
Hefei /ɕiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiəu¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiø³³/
Wenzhou /ɕau³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiu³¹/
Tunxi /siu¹¹/ ~息
/ɕiu¹¹/ ~寧
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu³³/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu⁵³/
Nanning /jɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hĩu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huw/
Li
Rong
/xiu/
Wang
Li
/xĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiū xiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjuw › ‹ xjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)u/ /*qʰ(r)u/
English rest (v.) blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13919
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rest; to relax
  2. joyous; happy
  3. to stop; to cease
  4. to retire
  5. (historical) to cast off one’s wife and send her home; to divorce one's wife
  6. do not; don't
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

See also 休する

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. rest; vacation

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hyu, McCune-Reischauer: hyu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hưu, hầu, hươu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]