retire

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: retiré

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French retirer ‎(draw back), from prefix re- ‎(back), + verb tirer ‎(draw, pull), from Old French tirer, tirier ‎(to draw out, arrange, adorn), from tire, tiere ‎(row, rank, order, dress) of Germanic origin akin to Old English and Old Saxon tīr ‎(fame, glory, ornament), Old English tīer ‎(rank, row), Old High German ziari, zēri ‎(ornament), German Zier ‎(ornament, adornment), German zieren ‎(to adorn). More at tier.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

retire ‎(plural retires)

  1. (rare) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires.
  2. (dated) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
    At the retire, the cavalry fell back.

Verb[edit]

retire ‎(third-person singular simple present retires, present participle retiring, simple past and past participle retired)

  1. (transitive) To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      He [] retired himself, his wife, and children into a forest.
    • Sir J. Davies
      As when the sun is present all the year, / And never doth retire his golden ray.
  2. (transitive) To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note.
    The central bank retired those notes five years ago.
  3. (transitive) To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer.
    The board retired the old major.
  4. (transitive, cricket, of a batsman) to voluntarily stop batting before being dismissed so that the next batsman can bat
    Jones retired in favour of Smith.
  5. (transitive, baseball, of a fielder), to make a defensive play which results in a runner or the batter being put out
    Jones retired Smith 6-3.
  6. (intransitive) To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice.
    I will retire to the study.
  7. (intransitive) To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle.
    The regiment retired from the fray after the Major was killed.
  8. (intransitive) To withdraw from a public station, from working, or from business
    Having made a large fortune, he retired.
    He wants to retire at 55.
  9. (intransitive) To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs.
    Past the point, the shore retires into a sequence of coves.
  10. (intransitive) To go to bed; as, he usually retires early.
    I will retire for the night.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

retire

  1. first-person singular present indicative of retirer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of retirer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of retirer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of retirer
  5. second-person singular imperative of retirer

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

retire

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of retirar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of retirar
  3. first-person singular imperative of retirar
  4. third-person singular imperative of retirar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

retire

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of retirar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of retirar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of retirar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of retirar.