From Middle French retirer (“draw back”), from prefix re- (“back”), + verb tirer (“draw, pull”), from Old French tirer, tirier (“to draw out, arrange, adorn”), from tire, tiere (“row, rank, order, dress”) of Germanic origin, akin to Old English and Old Saxon Old Saxon tīr (“fame, glory, ornament”), Old English tīer (“rank, row”), Old High German ziari, zēri (“ornament”), German German Zier (“ornament, adornment”), zieren (“to adorn”). More at tier.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹəˈtaɪə(ɹ)/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɹəˈtaɪɹ/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: re‧tire
- (intransitive) To stop working on a permanent basis, usually because of old age or illness.
- Having made a large fortune, he retired.
- He wants to retire at 55.
- She decided to retire from her banking job due to stress.
- 2022 September 21, Chris Green tells Nick Brodrick, “It's absolutely my favourite train”, in RAIL, number 966, page 37:
- Green will never forget "that was the day I retired - the absolute crowning event of my life and I was very proud of that.
- (transitive, sometimes reflexive) To withdraw; to take away.
- a. 1587, Philippe Sidnei [i.e., Philip Sidney], “(please specify the page number)”, in Fulke Greville, Matthew Gwinne, and John Florio, editors, The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia [The New Arcadia], London: […] [John Windet] for William Ponsonbie, published 1590, →OCLC; republished in Albert Feuillerat, editor, The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia (Cambridge English Classics: The Complete Works of Sir Philip Sidney; I), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: University Press, 1912, →OCLC:
- He […] retired himself, his wife, and children into a forest.
- 1592, John Davies, The Original, Nature, and Immortality of the Soul:
- As when the sun is present all the year, / And never doth retire his golden ray.
- (transitive) To cease use or production of something.
- The steamship made thousands of trips over several decades before it was retired by the shipping company.
- When a hurricane becomes so deadly or destructive that future use would be insensitive, officials may retire the name of the hurricane.
- (transitive) To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay.
- The central bank retired those notes five years ago.
- (transitive) To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list.
- The board retired the old major.
- 1988 November 27, “How Richard Gere Learned To Reach Out”, in Parade (The Spokesman-Review), page 10, column 3:
- How had it felt, at 28, to be the hottest young actor in town? He [Richard Gere] grinned. “It was great having the attention,” he said. “I thought: ‘This is it! I’ve done it! I’m going to retire my father. I’m putting money away for college for my sisters,’ the whole thing. It’s incredibly euphorious. All of a sudden the rehearsal period of your life is over, and your future has arrived. It’s liberating.”
- 2023 October 19, Brendan I. Koerner, “Watch This Guy Work, and You’ll Finally Understand the TikTok Era”, in Wired, →ISSN:
- By the time I first spoke to Magana in late 2022, 25/7 Media’s success had given him some measure of financial security. “The truth is that I just retired my parents,” he told me two days after Christmas.
- (intransitive, cricket, of a batsman) To voluntarily stop batting before being dismissed so that the next batsman can bat.
- Jones retired in favour of Smith.
- (transitive, baseball, of a fielder) To make a play which results in a runner or the batter being out, either by means of a put out, fly out or strikeout. Also, when such an event ends a team's turn at bat.
- Jones retired Smith 6-3.
- Jones makes the catch for the third out, and that retires the side.
- (intransitive) To go back or return; to withdraw or retreat, especially from public view; to go into privacy.
- I will retire to the study.
- to retire from the world
- to retire from the public eye
- (intransitive) To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure.
- to retire from battle
- The regiment retired from the fray after the Major was killed.
- (intransitive) To recede; to fall or bend back.
- Past the point, the shore retires into a sequence of coves.
- (intransitive) To go to bed.
- I will retire for the night.
- 1944 November and December, “"Duplex Roomette" Sleeping Cars”, in Railway Magazine, page 324:
- In the daytime the beds are made up but completely out of sight, giving the passenger a comfortable little private room; as the time for retiring comes, after preparing for rest in the same spacious conditions, he is able, practically at a touch, to pull the bed into position ready for use.
retire (plural retires)
- (rare) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired.
- A place to which one retires.
- Synonym: retreat
- (dated) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
- At the retire, the cavalry fell back.
- inflection of :