bugle

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: bügle and Bugle

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbjuːɡəl/
  • Rhymes: -uːɡəl
    • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bugle, from Anglo-Norman and Old French bugle, from Latin buculus (young bull; ox; steer).

A soldier playing a bugle.

Noun[edit]

bugle (plural bugles)

  1. A horn used by hunters.
  2. (music) a simple brass instrument consisting of a horn with no valves, playing only pitches in its harmonic series
  3. Anything shaped like a bugle, round or conical and having a bell on one end.
  4. The sound of something that bugles.
    the bugle of an elk
  5. A sort of wild ox; a buffalo.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faery Queene, page 88:
      Then tooke that squire an horne of bugle small, Which hong adowne his side in twisted gold And tassels gay.
    • 1678, Joannes Jonstonus (M.D., Polonus.), A Description of the Nature of Four-Footed Beasts, page 31:
      The tongue so rough, that were it licks, it fetches blood. The Greeks used not these, nor Bugles in Physick, not having tried their vertue; though Indian-woods are full of such, yet parts of them are of more efficacy in medicine, (it is thought) than any part of ordinary Oxen.
    • 1928, Lora Sarah La Mance, The House of Waltman and Its Allied Families, page 17:
      All in the merry strand, With the ran, ran tan, And the tippy, tippy tran, And away with the royal bow! wow! wow! And the riddle diddle do, And the bugle's horn, For into the woods we'll run, brave boys, And into the woods we'll run.
    • 1992, William Shakespeare, ‎Holger Klein, Much Ado about Nothing: A New Critical Edition, page 145:
      a hunting horn , origin . made of the horn of a "bugle" or wild ox


Synonyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bugle (third-person singular simple present bugles, present participle bugling, simple past and past participle bugled)

  1. To announce, sing, or cry in the manner of a musical bugle.
    • 1952, Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man, Penguin Books (2014), page 128:
      “It was as though the very constellations knew our impending sorrow,” he bugled, his head raised to the ceiling, his voice full-throated.
Synonyms[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin bugulus (a woman's ornament).

Noun[edit]

bugle (plural bugles)

  1. a tubular glass or plastic bead sewn onto clothes as a decorative trim
    • 1925, P. G. Wodehouse, Sam the Sudden, Random House, London:2007, p. 207.
      With the exception of a woman in a black silk dress with bugles who, incredible as it may seem, had ordered cocoa and sparkling limado simultaneously and was washing down a meal of Cambridge sausages and pastry with alternate draughts of both liquids, the place was empty.
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bugle (comparative more bugle, superlative most bugle)

  1. (obsolete) jet-black

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English bugle (bugleweed), from Anglo-Norman and Old French bugle, from Medieval Latin bugilla, probably related to Late Latin bugillo.

Bugle (plant).

Noun[edit]

bugle (plural bugles)

  1. A plant in the family Lamiaceae grown as a ground cover, Ajuga reptans, and other plants in the genus Ajuga.
    Synonyms: bugleweed, carpet bugle, ground pine
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

bugle in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English bugle, itself from Anglo-Norman and Old French bugle, from Latin buculus.

Noun[edit]

bugle m (plural bugles)

  1. bugle

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French bugle, probably borrowed from Medieval Latin bugula, probably related to Late Latin bugillo (cf. bouillon).

Noun[edit]

bugle f (plural bugles)

  1. bugle, bugleweed

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin būculus (bullock).

Noun[edit]

bugle m (oblique plural bugles, nominative singular bugles, nominative plural bugle)

  1. bugle (type of horn, often used in battle)
    • (Can we date this quote?) Fouke le Fitz Waryn, ed. E. J. Hathaway, P. T. Ricketts, C. A. Robson and A. D. Wilshere, ANTS 26-28 (1975).
      oy un chevaler soner un gros bugle
      (I) hear a knight sounding a large bugle

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: bugle (through Anglo-Norman)
  • French: beugler