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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 怀

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡruːl): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡruːl, *ɡruːl)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 心卜田女 (PYWV), four-corner 94032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 408, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11456
  • Dae Jaweon: page 749, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2369, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+61F7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 怀

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuai³⁵/
Harbin /xuai²⁴/
Tianjin /xuai⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /xuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuai⁴²/
Xi'an /xuai²⁴/
Xining /xuɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuɛ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xuɛ⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuai⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuai²¹³/
Chengdu /xuai³¹/
Guiyang /xuai²¹/
Kunming /xuæ³¹/
Nanjing /xuae²⁴/
Hefei /xue̞⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuai¹¹/
Pingyao /xuæ¹³/
Hohhot /kuɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦua²³/
/ɦue²³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦue̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /xua⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xua⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fai¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸai¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uai⁴⁵/ ~裡
/fai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fai¹¹/
Taoyuan /fɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wai²¹/
Nanning /wai²¹/
Hong Kong /wai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huai³⁵/
/kui³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huai⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huai⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huai³¹/
/hɔi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (34)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɣuɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɯæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəɨj/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɛi/
Wang
Li
/ɣwɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huái
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huái
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤruj/
English bosom; embrace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5341
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. bosom, breast
  2. heart (emotional and non-anatomical)

Verb[edit]

  1. to miss, to long for
  2. to carry in bosom (clarification of this Chinese definition is being sought)
  3. to think of
  4. to harbor in one's mind (clarification of this Chinese definition is being sought)
  5. to conceive (a child)
    懷胎怀胎 (huáitāi)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hoe) (hangeul , revised hoe, McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.