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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 怀

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 心卜田女 (PYWV), four-corner 94032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 408, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11456
  • Dae Jaweon: page 749, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2369, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+61F7

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp. 怀

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (懷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸乖切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuɛi/ /ɣwăi/ /ɣuɛi/ /ɦʷɯæi/ /ɦwəɨj/ /ɣwɐi/ /ɣuɐi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huái ‹ hwɛj › /*[ɡ]ˤruj/ bosom; embrace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5341 2 /*ɡruːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. bosom, breast
  2. heart (emotional and non-anatomical)

Verb[edit]

  1. to miss, to long for
  2. to carry in bosom (clarification of this Chinese definition is being sought)
  3. to think of
  4. to harbor in one's mind (clarification of this Chinese definition is being sought)
  5. to conceive (a child)
    懷胎怀胎

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • in CC-CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hoe) (hangeul , revised hoe, McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoài)

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