懷璧其罪

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Chinese[edit]

 
his; her; its; theirs; that; such; it (refers to sth preceding it)
 
guilt; crime; fault; blame; sin
trad. (懷璧其罪) 懷璧
simp. (怀璧其罪) 怀璧
Literally: “treasuring a jade ring becomes a crime”.

Etymology[edit]

:『匹夫。』 [MSC, trad.]
:‘匹夫怀。’ [MSC, simp.]
From: 《左傳·桓公十年》
Zhōu yàn yǒu zhī: ‘Pǐfū wú zuì, huái bì qí zuì.’ [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/2 1/1
Initial () (33) (1) (30) (15)
Final () (34) (123) (19) (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open Open Closed
Division () II III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuɛi/ /piᴇk̚/ /ɡɨ/ /d͡zuʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚæi/ /piɛk̚/ /ɡɨ/ /d͡zuoiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐi/ /piæk̚/ /ɡie/ /d͡zuɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəɨj/ /piajk̚/ /gɨ/ /d͡zwəjX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɛi/ /piɛk̚/ /ɡiə/ /d͡zuᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/ɣwɐi/ /pĭɛk̚/ /ɡĭə/ /d͡zuɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwăi/ /pi̯ɛk̚/ /gi/ /d͡zʱuɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huái bi zuì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huái zuì
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwɛj › ‹ pjiek › ‹ gi › ‹ dzwojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤruj/ /*pek/ /*ɡə/ /*[dz]ˤujʔ/
English bosom; embrace circular jade insignium modal particle crime, offense

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 2/2 1/1
No. 5341 676 9947 17981
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0 0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡruːl/ /*peɡ/ /*ɡɯ/ /*zuːlʔ/
Notes

Idiom[edit]

懷璧其罪

  1. to get into trouble on account of a cherished item, fig. A person's talent will arouse the envy of others.

Derived terms[edit]