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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːʔ, *kraːs, *klaːʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *qraːs) + semantic  ‎(shellfish)

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一田月山金 (MWBUC), four-corner 10806, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1208, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1672, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3637, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CC8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (28)
Final: (23)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoX/ /kuoX/ /koX/ /kɔX/ /koX/ /kuX/ /kuoX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (28)
Final: (98)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiǎ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣaX/ /kɯaX/ /kaX/ /kaɨX/ /kaX/ /kaX/ /kaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (28)
Final: (98)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jià
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣaH/ /kɯaH/ /kaH/ /kaɨH/ /kaH/ /kaH/ /kaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14199 0 /*kraːʔ/
14201 0 /*kraːs/
14205 0 /*klaːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. merchant
  3. buy, trade

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga, go) (hangeul , , revised ga, go, McCune-Reischauer ka, ko, Yale ka, ko)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cổ, giá, giả, giớ)

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