incur

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English incurren, from Anglo-Norman encurir, Middle French encourir, from Old French encorre, from Latin incurrere.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈkəː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪnˈkɝ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)

Verb[edit]

incur (third-person singular simple present incurs, present participle incurring, simple past and past participle incurred)

  1. (transitive) to bring upon oneself or expose oneself to, especially something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to become liable or subject to
    Cruelty incurs calamity.
    1. (chiefly law, accounting) to render somebody liable or subject to
  2. (obsolete, transitive) to enter or pass into
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) to fall within a period or scope; to occur; to run into danger

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