incur

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman encurir, Middle French encourir, from Old French encorre, from Latin incurrere.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

incur (third-person singular simple present incurs, present participle incurring, simple past and past participle incurred)

  1. (transitive) to bring upon oneself or expose oneself to, especially something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to become liable or subject to
    1. (chiefly law, accounting) to render somebody liable or subject to
      • 1861, Francis Colburn Adams, An Outcast, Chapter VII,
        The least neglect of duty will incur[...] the penalty of thirty-nine well laid on in the morning.
      • Chapman
        Lest you incur me much more damage in my fame than you have done me pleasure in preserving my life.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) to enter or pass into
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) to fall within a period or scope; to occur; to run into danger

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