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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
疋-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
疋-aorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

疋 疋
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a foot with a leg/thigh on top; leg originally a circle, now simplified to a line . Current form graphically a semi-cursive form of (compare form seen in ); compare also cursive .

Han character[edit]

(radical 103 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓卜人 (NYO), four-corner 17801)

  1. roll, bolt of cloth
  2. foot

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 767, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1177, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2749, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+758B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (疋), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所葅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨʌ/ /ʂi̯wo/ /ʃiɔ/ /ʃiɔ/ /ʂɨə̆/ /ʃĭo/ /ʃiɔ/
Character (疋), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨʌX/ /ʂi̯woX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʂɨə̆X/ /ʃĭoX/ /ʃiɔX/
Character (疋), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 五下切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣaX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋɯaX/ /ŋaɨX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋaX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shū ‹ srjo › /*sra/ foot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11763 0 /*ŋraːʔ/
11793 0 /*sŋra/
11794 0 /*sŋraʔ/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. counter for horses, mules, and small animals
  2. counter for rolls of cloth
  3. a measure of cloth
  4. foot (rare)

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This kanji is not included in the Jōyō kanji list.

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひき
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (srjo, foot; roll of cloth). Conflated in Japanese with Middle Chinese (phjit, counter for horses and mules; counter for rolls of cloth), both in meaning and in reading. The hichi reading evolved into hiki by association with 引き (hiki, pulling), from the way that an animal's leash is pulled.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ひき, romaji -hiki)

  1. Alternative form of : counter for smaller animals
    猫三 (ねこさん) (びき) ()っています。
    neko sanbiki o katte imasu.
    I have three cats.

Usage notes[edit]

Depending on the preceding word, -hiki may change via euphony to become -biki or -piki.

The counter for larger animals, such as livestock, is usually (, head).

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pil, so) (hangeul , , revised pil, so, McCune-Reischauer p'il, so, Yale phil, so)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, sất, thất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.