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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
疋-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
疋-aorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

疋-bigseal.svg 疋-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a foot with a leg/thigh on top; leg originally a circle, now simplified to a line . Current form graphically a semi-cursive form of (compare form seen in ); compare also cursive .

Han character[edit]

(radical 103 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓卜人 (NYO), four-corner 17801)

  1. roll, bolt of cloth
  2. foot

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 767, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1177, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2749, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+758B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (疋), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所葅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨʌ/ /ʂi̯wo/ /ʃiɔ/ /ʃiɔ/ /ʂɨə̆/ /ʃĭo/ /ʃiɔ/
Character (疋), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨʌX/ /ʂi̯woX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʂɨə̆X/ /ʃĭoX/ /ʃiɔX/
Character (疋), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 五下切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣaX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋɯaX/ /ŋaɨX/ /ŋaX/ /ŋaX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shū ‹ srjo › /*sra/ foot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11763 0 /*ŋraːʔ/
11793 0 /*sŋra/
11794 0 /*sŋraʔ/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. counter for horses, mules, and small animals
  2. counter for rolls of cloth
  3. a measure of cloth
  4. foot (rare)

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This kanji is not included in the Jōyō kanji list.

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひき
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(srjo, foot; roll of cloth). Conflated in Japanese with Middle Chinese ‎(phjit, counter for horses and mules; counter for rolls of cloth), both in meaning and in reading. The hichi reading evolved into hiki by association with 引き ‎(hiki, pulling), from the way that an animal's leash is pulled.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana ひき, romaji -hiki)

  1. Alternative form of : counter for smaller animals
    猫三 (ねこさん) (びき) ()っています。
    neko sanbiki o katte imasu.
    I have three cats.

Usage notes[edit]

Depending on the preceding word, -hiki may change via euphony to become -biki or -piki.

The counter for larger animals, such as livestock, is usually ‎(, head).

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pil, so) (hangeul , , revised pil, so, McCune-Reischauer p'il, so, Yale phil, so)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, sất, thất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.