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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(foot)

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人弓人 (YSONO), four-corner 08281, composition ⿸⿰𠂉)

  1. to revolve, move in orbit
  2. to return

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 483, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13656
  • Dae Jaweon: page 845, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2181, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+65CB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyan³⁵/
/ɕyan⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕyan²⁴/ 周~
/ɕyan⁵³/ ~車軸
Tianjin /ɕyan⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕyã⁴²/
/ɕyã²¹/ ~子
Qingdao /syã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /syan⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕyã²⁴/
Xining /ɕyã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕyɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕyan⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyan³¹/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /syen²⁴/
Hefei /ɕyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕye̞¹³/ ~轉
/ɕye̞³⁵/ ~風
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/ ~轉
/ɕye⁵⁵/ ~風
Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞¹³/
/d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siẽ¹³/
/t͡siẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰion⁵³/ 發~
/sien¹¹/ ~轉
Taoyuan /sien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn²¹/
Nanning /ɬyn²¹/
Hong Kong /syn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan³⁵/
/sŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syiŋ⁴⁴/
/syiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tuaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (17) (17)
Final () (78) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziuᴇn/ /ziuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/zʷiɛn/ /zʷiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjuæn/ /zjuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zwian/ /zwianH/
Li
Rong
/ziuɛn/ /ziuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/zĭwɛn/ /zĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯wɛn/ /zi̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuán xuàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuán xuàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjwen › ‹ zjwenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ɢʷen/ /*s-ɢʷen-s/
English turn around; return whorl of hair on the head

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14043 14052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɢʷan/ /*sɢʷans/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toàn, triệng, trình, triền, tuyền)

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