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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English turnyng, turnynge, from Old English tyrning, turnung, equivalent to turn +‎ -ing.


turning (plural turnings)

  1. (British) A turn or deviation from a straight course.
    Take the second turning on the left.
  2. (field hockey) At hockey, a foul committed by a player attempting to hit the ball who interposes their body between the ball and an opposing player trying to do the same.
  3. The shaping of wood or metal on a lathe.
  4. The act of turning.
    • 2012 March, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, pages 112–3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
  5. (plural only) Shavings produced by turning something on a lathe.
    The turnings get into your trouser turnups!
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English turninge, turnynge, turninde, turnand, turnende, from Old English tyrnende, turniende, present participle of Old English tyrnan, turnian (to turn). Equivalent to turn +‎ -ing.



  1. present participle and gerund of turn
    The Earth is turning about its axis as we speak.
    He made wooden soldiers by turning them on a hand lathe.