婿

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See also:
婿 U+5A7F, 婿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A7F

[U+5A7E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A80]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

婿 (radical 38, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 女弓人月 (VNOB), four-corner 47427, composition)

  1. son-in-law
  2. husband

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 266, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6470
  • Dae Jaweon: page 533, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1069, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5A7F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
婿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraːʔ, *sŋra, *sŋraʔ
*sŋas, *sŋa
*sŋeːs
婿 *sŋeːs
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa
*sŋaʔ
*sŋaʔ, *sŋraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ, *sŋ̊ʰras
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰras
*sŋra
*sŋra
*sŋra, *sŋras
*sŋra
*sŋra

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sè - literary;
  • sài - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 婿
Mandarin Beijing /ɕy⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕy⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹/
Qingdao /sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /sy³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕi⁰/
Xining /ɕy⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /sy⁴⁴/
Hefei /sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕy⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sei¹³/
Hohhot /ɕy⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi³⁵/
/ɕy³⁵/
Suzhou /si⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sei⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕy³²⁴/
Tunxi /se⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕy⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /se⁵³/
Taoyuan /se⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐi³³/
Nanning /ɬɐi³³/
Hong Kong /sɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /se²¹/
/sai²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 婿
Reading # 1/1
No. 11766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sŋeːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

婿

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

婿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. groom
  2. daughter's husband, son-in-law

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
婿
むこ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

*/məko/*⟨muko1 → */mukʷo/*⟨mo(2)ko1 → */məkʷo//muko/

Not confirmed in Old Japanese documents, although presence of the cognate words suggests Proto-Japonic *mòkô (cognate with Okinawan むーく (muːku), Kunigami むふ (muhu), Miyako むく (muku) and the moko below). This is a result of the phonological change, that non-final */o/ in the nouns of Proto-Japonic became ⟨u⟩ in Central Old Japanese.

In regard to the derivation, there are some theories proposed, however many of them are associated with the verbs 向かふ (mukafu)向かう (mukau, to go towards) and 迎ふ (mukafu)迎える (mukaeru, to receive), both derived from 向く (muku, to turn toward), from Proto-Japonic *múk-. Theories to explain this inconsistency in the proto-forms has not been published yet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

婿 (hiragana むこ, rōmaji muko)

  1. a husband who has entered his wife's house
  2. a son-in-law
    Synonyms: 女婿 (josei), 娘婿 (musumemuko)
  3. a groom, bridegroom (man who is about to get married)
    Synonyms: 新郎 (shinrō), 花婿 (hanamuko)
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
婿
もこ
Grade: S
Irregular

*/moko/⟨mo(1)ko1 → */mʷokʷo//moko/

From other Old Japanese dialects besides Central Old Japanese, with a conserved */o/ as ⟨o1, from Proto-Japonic *mòkô.

Attested as 毛古, 毛胡 (⟨mo(1)ko1 → moko, interpreted as 仲間 (fellow) or 対手 (opponent) in later times) in the Kojiki (712 CE) and Nihon Shoki (720 CE), respectively.

Noun[edit]

婿 (hiragana もこ, rōmaji moko)

  1. (dialectal, Tōhoku, Northern Kantō, Niigata, Nagano, Chūgoku, etc.) Same as むこ (muko) above
  2. (etymology, archaic, obsolete) someone who confronts against someone else; a comrade, foe
    • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 50)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      ちはやぶる () () (わた)りに (さを) ()りに (はや)けむ (ひと)しわがもこ () [Modern spelling]
      chihayaburu Uji no watari ni sao-tori ni hayakemu hito shi waga moko ni komu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

婿 (seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

婿 (tế)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.