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U+5AC1, 嫁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5AC1

[U+5AC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5AC2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女十一人 (VJMO), four-corner 43432, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 268, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6602
  • Dae Jaweon: page 536, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1073, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5AC1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːs
*kraːs
*kraːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraː).

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *kraː, “home, house”), with the addition of the denominal verbalisation suffix *-s in Old Chinese, meaning “to go to one's new home; to become married”. In the Baxter–Sagart system, an additional pronunciation is posited for the causative sense (“to make someone become married; to marry off”), formed with the prolific Old Chinese causative prefix *s-. Compare .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kà/kèe - literary;
  • kè - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jià jià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤra-s/ /*s-kˤra-s/
English go (as a bride) to one"s new home send (one’s daughter) as a bride

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of a woman) to marry; to become married to
    出去  ―  jià bù chūqù  ―  unable to get married (to anyone); to be left on the shelf
    去年大學同學 [MSC, trad.]
    去年大学同学 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā qùnián jià gěi le dàxué tóngxué. [Pinyin]
    She married her university classmate last year.
  2. to give a daughter in marriage; to marry off
    女兒 / 女儿  ―  jià nǚ'ér  ―  to give a daughter in marriage; to try to marry off a daughter
  3. (figuratively) to transfer; to shift (harm, charge, etc.); to put the (blame) on another person
    禍於人 / 祸于人  ―  jiàhuòyúrén  ―  to shift the blame on others

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bride

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
よめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よめ, rōmaji yome)

  1. bride
  2. daughter in law
  3. (archaic, now chiefly Kansai) wife
  4. (Internet slang) waifu

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

  1. to marry
  2. give a daughter in marriage

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giá, gả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.