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U+8DB3, 足
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DB3

[U+8DB2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DB4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
足-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • 𧾷

Han character[edit]

(radical 157 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口卜人 (RYO), four-corner 60801)

  1. Kangxi radical #157, (foot).

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1221, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1692, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3686, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8DB3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠯁
𠯣

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
足-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsoɡs, *ʔsoɡ
*sʰaːwɢ
*ʔsoːɡ
*sʰroːɡ, *sʰruɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*sʰoːɡ, *sʰoɡ
*sʰruɡ
*ʔsoɡ
*sʰoɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: chok - only in the sense of "very".

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su²¹³/
/t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡su⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡su²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su¹³/ ~夠
/t͡su⁵³/ ~球
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyo³¹/
/t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡so⁵/ ~球
/t͡siu⁵/ 滿~
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡søyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suawk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siok̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17925
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foot
  2. leg (of an animal)
  3. leg (of an object)
  4. to walk
  5. to tread; to stamp; to step
  6. to satisfy; to fulfil
    滿 /   ―  mǎn  ―  satisfied; to satisfy
  7. to stop; to cease
  8. enough; sufficient; not lacking
  9. abundant; affluent
  10. to be worthy of; to warrant
  11. fully; entirely
  12. (Min Nan, chiefly Zhangzhou, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichung, Yilan, Kinmen) very; quite
    [Min Nan]  ―  chiok [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  very good
  13. can; may
  14. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“very; quite”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 非常十分
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 實在
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 有夠
Quanzhou 有夠
Zhangzhou 足範有夠
Taipei
Kaohsiung 有夠
Tainan 有夠
Taichung
Yilan 有夠
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia 真正
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡sioH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17915
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. overly; excessively. Only used in 足恭.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. foot

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あし
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. foot
  2. leg

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana そく, romaji -soku)

  1. counter for pairs of socks, shoes, etc

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jok, ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (McCune-Reischauer: chok, chu, Yale: cok, cwu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bal, McCune-Reischauer: pal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (んかじ, nkaji): centipede

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (むかじ, mukaji): centipede

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Native: あし (ashi), ふぃさ (fisa)
  • Nonnative: すく (suku)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ashi). Attested in 沖縄語典 as わし.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. foot
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (hiza). Attested in 沖縄語典 as ひさ.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふぃさ, romaji fisa)

  1. foot
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/13

Toku-No-Shima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (ぬかで, nukade): centipede

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(túc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.