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U+8DB3, 足
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DB3

[U+8DB2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DB4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
足-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • /𧾷 (when used as a left radical)

The combining form of this character, ⻊/𧾷, is encoded at two Unicode code points as U+2ECA CJK RADICAL FOOT and U+27FB7 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-27FB7 respectively.

Han character[edit]

(radical 157, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口卜人 (RYO), four-corner 60801, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #157, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1221, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1692, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3686, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8DB3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠯁
𠯣

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
足-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsoɡs, *ʔsoɡ
*sʰaːwɢ
*ʔsoːɡ
*sʰroːɡ, *sʰruɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*zroːɡ
*sʰoːɡ, *sʰoɡ
*sʰruɡ
*ʔsoɡ
*sʰoɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: chok - only in the sense of "very".

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su²¹³/
/t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡su⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡su²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su¹³/ ~夠
/t͡su⁵³/ ~球
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕyo³¹/
/t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡so⁵/ ~球
/t͡siu⁵/ 滿~
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡søyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suawk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siok̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjowk › ‹ tsjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ok/ /*[ts]ok/
English sufficient foot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17925
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) foot
  2. (anatomy) leg (of an animal)
  3. leg (of an object)
  4. to walk
  5. to tread; to stamp; to step
  6. to satisfy; to fulfil
    滿 /   ―  mǎn  ―  satisfied; to satisfy
  7. to stop; to cease
  8. enough; sufficient; not lacking
  9. abundant; affluent
  10. to be worthy of; to warrant
  11. fully; entirely
  12. (Zhangzhou and Taiwanese Hokkien) very; quite
    [Min Nan]  ―  chiok [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  very good
  13. can; may
  14. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“very; quite”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 非常, , 十分,
Mandarin Beijing , , 倍兒
Taiwan ,
Tianjin ,
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan ,
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou , ,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , ,
Liudui (S. Sixian) , ,
Hsinchu (Hailu) , ,
Dongshi (Dabu) , ,
Hsinchu (Raoping) , ,
Yunlin (Zhao'an) , , 實在
Sabah
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen , , , 有夠
Quanzhou , , , 有夠
Zhangzhou , , , 足範, 有夠, 出奇, 極死, 見死
Taipei ,
Kaohsiung 有夠, , , ,
Tainan 有夠, , , ,
Taichung , ,
Hsinchu ,
Lukang ,
Sanxia ,
Yilan 有夠, , ,
Kinmen ,
Magong ,
Penang , , 真正
Philippines (Manila) ,
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou
Wenzhou , ,
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡sioH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ok-s/
English replenish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17915
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. overly; excessively. Only used in 足恭.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. foot

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あし
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あし, rōmaji ashi)

  1. foot
  2. leg

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana そく, rōmaji -soku)

  1. counter for pairs of socks, shoes, etc

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the entry at with the following definition.
[noun][obsolete]foot

(This term, , is a kanji spelling of .)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jok, ju)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (McCune–Reischauer: chok, chu, Yale: cok, cwu)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: bal, McCune–Reischauer: pal)
  1. foot

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (んかじ, nkaji): centipede

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (むかじ, mukaji): centipede

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Readings[edit]

  • Native: あし (ashi), ふぃさ (fisa)
  • Nonnative: すく (suku)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ashi). Attested in 沖縄語典 as わし.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

  1. foot
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (hiza). Attested in 沖縄語典 as ひさ.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふぃさ, romaji fisa)

  1. foot
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/13

Toku-No-Shima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 百足 (ぬかで, nukade): centipede

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(túc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.