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U+819D, 膝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819D

[U+819C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月木人水 (BDOE), four-corner 74232, composition)

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 993, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2106, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+819D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
⿰月夕 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siɡ): semantic (meat, body) + phonetic (OC *sʰiɡ) – a body part, the knee.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou and Taiwan:
    • sit - literary;
    • chhek/chhiak - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sat1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tsik/
    English knee

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9928
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*siɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) knee
      /   ―  gài  ―  knee

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    ひざ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *pinsa.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ひざ) (hiza

    1. knee
      (ひざ)(かか)える
      hiza o kakaeru
      to hug one's knees

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC siɪt̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 시ᇙ〮 (Yale: sílq)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 무룹 (Yale: mwùlwùp) 슬〮 (Yale: súl)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 무릎 (mureup seul))

    1. Hanja form? of (knee). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tất

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.