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See also: Patella and patel·la


A diagram of a front view of the knee, showing the patella at centre
English Wikipedia has an article on:


From Latin patella (a small pan or dish, a plate; the kneepan, patella), diminutive of patina (a broad shallow dish, pan). Doublet of paella.


  • (US) enPR: pətĕl'ə, IPA(key): /pəˈtɛlə/
  • (file)


patella (plural patellas or patellae)

  1. (anatomy) The sesamoid bone of the knee; the kneecap.
    • 2004, Ann Seranne, The Joy of Breeding Your Own Show Dog, page 188:
      Subluxed patellas, more commonly referred to as slipped stifles, like all inherited factors will continue to cripple a breed as long as breeders continue to mate affected animals.
    • 2005, Roger E. Stevenson, 20: Limbs, Roger E. Stevenson, Judith G. Hall, Human Malformations and Related Anomalies, page 920,
      Since patella diameter is a feature of continuous variation, the majority of small patellas represent simply the lower extreme of normal anatomic variation.
    • 2006, Erik Trinkaus, “18: The Lower Limb Remains”, in Erik Trinkaus; Jiří Svoboda, editors, Early Modern Human Evolution in Central Europe, page 395:
      Both patellae are well preserved for Dolni Věstonice 3 and 13-15, and the left patella remains for Dolni Věstonice 16 (Figures 18.22 to 18.26).
    • 2009, P. Tohomson, “14: Assessment of the paediatric patient”, in Ben Yates, editor, Merriman's Assessment of the Lower Limb, page 401:
      The patellae may be up to 30° externally rotated at birth. In young children it is considered normal for the patellae to be externally rotated, but by 5 years of age the patellae should face forwards.
  2. A little dish or vase.


Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it


  • IPA(key): /paˈtɛ
  • Rhymes: -ɛlla
  • Hyphenation: pa‧tèl‧la


patella f (plural patelle)

  1. (anatomy) patella, kneecap, rotula
  2. (mollusk) limpet

Derived terms[edit]



From patina (a broad shallow dish, pan) or patera (broad flat dish) +‎ -la (diminutive suffix).



patella f (genitive patellae); first declension

  1. a small or shallow pan or dish
  2. the kneecap, patella
  3. a disease of the olive tree


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative patella patellae
Genitive patellae patellārum
Dative patellae patellīs
Accusative patellam patellās
Ablative patellā patellīs
Vocative patella patellae

Derived terms[edit]



  • patella”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patella”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patella in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • patella in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • patella”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patella”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • patella”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin