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U+819C, 膜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819C

[U+819B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
膜 - U+0819C - KanjiVG stroke order.svg

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 130, +10, 14 (Mainland China, Japan), 15 (Hong Kong) strokes, cangjie input 月廿日大 (BTAK), four-corner 74234, composition)

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 993, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2100, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+819C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𦟦

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
膜-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maː, *maːɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *maːɡ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bo̍k - literary;
  • mo̍͘h/bo̍h/mo͘h - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /mɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mok6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9253
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    Wikipedia has articles on:
    1. membrane; film
      細胞细胞  ―  xìbāo  ―  cell membrane
      保鮮保鲜  ―  bǎoxiān  ―  plastic wrap
        ―  dùlǚ  ―  aluminum-coated polyester film
    2. (physics) brane
    3. (obsolete) small gap
    4. (dialectal, obsolete) to placate
    5. Alternative form of ().

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Clipping of 南膜 (MC nʌm muo), which is from Sanskrit नमस् (namas, bow; obeisance; salutation). Compare 南無.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /muo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /muo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /mo/
    Wang
    Li
    /mu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /muo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mou4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9245
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to prostrate

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. membrane; film

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (まく) (maku

    1. membrane; film

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɑk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 막〮 (mák) (Yale: mak) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 꺼풀 (kkeopul mak))

    1. Hanja form? of (membrane; film).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: màng,

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.