足掻き

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
かき > がき
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 足掻く (agaku, to paw at the ground; to struggle), itself a compound of (a, foot, Old Japanese form, now only found in compounds) +‎ 掻く (kaku, to scratch).[1] The kaki changes to gaki due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

足掻き (hiragana あがき, romaji agaki)

  1. pawing of hooves at the ground
  2. struggling, flailing about
    足掻 (あが) (むな)しくて結局絶望 (けっきょくぜつぼう) (おちい)った。
    Agaki ga munashikute kekkyoku zetsubō ni ochiitta.
    His flailing about was futile, and he ultimately fell into a depression.
  3. movement of one's hands and legs
Related terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あし
Grade: 1
かき > がき
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of (ashi, foot) +‎ 掻き (kaki, scratching, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 掻く kaku, “to scratch”).[1] The kaki changes to gaki due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

足掻き (hiragana あしがき, romaji ashigaki)

  1. pawing at the ground (less common than the agaki reading)
  2. a children's game played by hopping around on one foot

Etymology 3[edit]

Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
台湾足掻き (Taiwan ashikaki): southern cutgrass, cousin species to Leersia japonica.
Kanji in this term
あし
Grade: 1
かき
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of (ashi, foot) +‎ 掻き (kaki, scratching, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 掻く kaku, “to scratch”), possibly from the way that horses or cattle might paw at the grass when grazing. Note the lack of rendaku.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

足掻き (hiragana あしかき, katakana アシカキ, romaji ashikaki)

  1. Leersia japonica, a kind of cutgrass native to Japan
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms used in biology contexts, this term is often spelled in katakana.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.