hop

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See also: hóp, hớp, họp, hộp, and hợp

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hoppen, from Old English hoppian (to hop, spring, leap, dance), from Proto-Germanic *huppōną (to hop), from Proto-Indo-European *kewb- (to bend, bow). Cognate with Dutch hoppen (to hop), German hopfen, hoppen (to hop), Swedish hoppa (to hop, leap, jump), Icelandic hoppa (to hop, skip).

Noun[edit]

hop (plural hops)

  1. A short jump
  2. A jump on one leg.
  3. A short journey, especially in the case of air travel, one that take place on private plane.
  4. (sports, US) A bounce, especially from the ground, of a thrown or batted ball.
  5. (US, dated) A dance.
  6. (networking) The sending of a data packet from one host to another as part of its overall journey.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop (third-person singular simple present hops, present participle hopping, simple past and past participle hopped)

  1. (intransitive) To jump a short distance.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter V
      When it had advanced from the wood, it hopped much after the fashion of a kangaroo, using its hind feet and tail to propel it, and when it stood erect, it sat upon its tail.
    Synonyms: jump, leap
  2. (intransitive) To jump on one foot.
  3. (intransitive) To be in state of energetic activity.
    Sorry, can't chat. Got to hop.
    The sudden rush of customers had everyone in the shop hopping.
  4. (transitive) To suddenly take a mode of transportation that one does not drive oneself, often surreptitiously.
    I hopped a plane over here as soon as I heard the news.
    He was trying to hop a ride in an empty trailer headed north.
    He hopped a train to California.
  5. (transitive) To jump onto, or over
  6. (intransitive, usually in combination) To move frequently from one place or situation to another similar one.
    We were party-hopping all weekend.
    We had to island hop on the weekly seaplane to get to his hideaway.
  7. (obsolete) To walk lame; to limp.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  8. To dance.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Smollett to this entry?)
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English hoppe, from Middle Dutch hoppe, from Old Dutch *hoppo, from Proto-Germanic *huppô. Cognate with German Hopfen and French houblon.

Noun[edit]

hop (plural hops)

  1. The plant (Humulus lupulus) from whose flowers, beer or ale is brewed.
  2. (usually in the plural) The flowers of the hop plant, dried and used to brew beer etc.
  3. (US, slang) Opium, or some other narcotic drug.
    • 1940, Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, Penguin 2010, p. 177:
      ‘You've been shot full of hop and kept under it until you're as crazy as two waltzing mice.’
  4. The fruit of the dog rose; a hip.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop (third-person singular simple present hops, present participle hopping, simple past and past participle hopped)

  1. To impregnate with hops, especially to add hops as a flavouring agent during the production of beer
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hopp (jump).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop n (singular definite hoppet, plural indefinite hop)

  1. jump
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See hoppe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hop

  1. imperative of hoppe

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either a clipping of hoppu, or directly from Swedish hopp (jump). Consider also the synonym hopoti (horse).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhop]
  • Rhymes: -op
  • Hyphenation: hop

Interjection[edit]

hop

  1. General spurring interjection.
  2. Used to entice a horse into a run.
    • 1913 SKVR VIII 1625. Piikkiö. Häyrinen Kalle 8. 13.
      Hop humma Huttalaan, / parastelle Pappilaa, / Pappilasta Koroissii, / Koroissista Käräjiin,
      Hop horse to Huttala ...
    • 1913 SKVR IX1 352. Renko. Salo Aukusti. HO 24 239. 13.
      Mee ny kuultaan kirkonkellot. / Muut kuulee karjan kellot / Hop tamma / Ei ilman haluta / Jos ei poika likkaa taluta.
      ... Hop mare ...
    • 1915 SKVR XIV 1026. Myrskylä. Salminen, T. 117. 15.
      Hop hoppa kirkkoo! / Aja mummun aitan etee / Saat voitakaakkuu
      Hop horse to church / Run to the front of grandmother's granary ...

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hop

  1. Voila!, hey presto!

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop m (genitive singular hop, nominative plural hopanna)

  1. Alternative form of hap (hop; blow)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hópr.

Noun[edit]

hop m (definite singular hopen, indefinite plural hoper, definite plural hopene)

  1. heap, pile, crowd, multitude, cluster

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hópr. Akin to English heap

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop m (definite singular hopen, indefinite plural hopar, definite plural hopane)

  1. flock, heap, gathering

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hop c

  1. heap, collection; a whole bunch

Related terms[edit]