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Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old Irish léimm, from Proto-Celtic *lang-smen- (compare Welsh llam), from Proto-Indo-European *legʷh- (light, not heavy).


  • IPA(key): [ʎeːm], /ʎeːm/


leum m (genitive singular leuma, plural leuman or leumannan)

  1. verbal noun of leum
  2. jump, leap, skip, spring, bound, dash, frisk, start
    leum gàbhaidh ― a dangerous leap
  3. emission

Derived terms[edit]


leum (past leum, future leumaidh, verbal noun leum, past participle leumte)

  1. leap, bound, spring, skip, frisk, hop, jump, start
  2. bleed (nose)
  3. pass (as time, or through space)
    Nuair a leumas e an Fhéill-Brìghde, chan earb an sionnach 'earball ris an deigh. ― When Candlemas is past, the fox will not trust his tail to the ice.
    Leum e air a' mheadhan-oidhche. ― It passed midnight.
  4. make a slip of the tongue
    Leum mo theanga orm. ― My tongue slipped. I put my foot in it.