frisk

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See also: Frisk

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English frisk (lively, frisky), from Old French frisque (lively, jolly, blithe, fine, spruce, gay), of Germanic origin, perhaps from Middle Dutch frisc (fresh) or Old High German frisc (fresh), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (fresh). Cognate with Icelandic frískur (frisky, fresh). More at fresh.

Alternative etymology derives frisk from an alteration (due to Old French fresche (fresh)) of Old French fricque, frique (smart, strong, playful, bright), from Gothic *𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌺𐍃 (*friks, greedy, hungry), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz, *frakaz (greedy, active), from Proto-Indo-European *preg- (greedy, fierce). Cognate with Middle Dutch vrec (greedy, avaricious), German frech (insolent), Old English frec (greedy, eager, bold, daring, dangerous). More at freak.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɹɪsk/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪsk

Adjective[edit]

frisk

  1. (archaic) Lively; brisk
    Synonyms: frolicsome, frisky
    • c. 1600, Joseph Hall, Satires
      Her hands must hide her mouth if she but smile; Fain would she seem all frisk and frolic still

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

frisk (plural frisks)

  1. A frolic; a fit of wanton gaiety; a gambol: a little playful skip or leap.
  2. The act of frisking, of searching for something by feeling someone's body
    the customs officer gave me a frisk after I went through the metal detector.

Verb[edit]

frisk (third-person singular simple present frisks, present participle frisking, simple past and past participle frisked)

  1. To frolic, gambol, skip, dance, leap.
  2. To search somebody by feeling his or her body and clothing.
    The police frisked the suspiciously-acting individual and found a knife as well as a bag of marijuana.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The term frisk is slightly less formal than search.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrisch, versch, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz, cognate with English fresh, German frisch, Dutch vers. Doublet of fersk.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /frɛsk/, [ˈfʁæsɡ̊]

Adjective[edit]

frisk (neuter frisk or friskt, plural and definite singular attributive friske, comparative ere, superlative (predicative) friskest, superlative (attributive) friskeste)

  1. fresh
  2. cheerful, lively
  3. fit, sprightly

Related terms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sicilian friscu, from Late Latin friscus, from Frankish *frisk, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

frisk (feminine singular friska, plural friski)

  1. fresh; cool
    Minbarra l-ħalib, l-aħjar xarba għall-ulied huwa l-ilma frisk.
    Apart from milk, the best drink for children is fresh water.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrisch, from Old Saxon *frisk, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *preysk-.

Adjective[edit]

frisk (neuter singular friskt, definite singular and plural friske, comparative friskere, indefinite superlative friskest, definite superlative friskeste)

  1. fresh
  2. keen (e.g. a keen wind)
  3. well, healthy
  4. refreshing
  5. cheerful (e.g. colours)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

frisk

  1. imperative of friske

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrisch, from Old Saxon *frisk, *fersk, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *preysk-. Akin to English fresh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

frisk (neuter singular friskt, definite singular and plural friske, comparative friskare, indefinite superlative friskast, definite superlative friskaste)

  1. fresh
  2. keen (e.g. a keen wind)
  3. well, healthy
  4. refreshing
  5. cheerful (e.g. colours)

References[edit]


Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian fersk, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz. More at fresh.

Adjective[edit]

frisk

  1. fresh

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish frisker, from Middle Low German vrisch, from Old Saxon *frisk, from Proto-West Germanic *frisk, from Proto-Germanic *friskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *preysk-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

frisk (comparative friskare, superlative friskast)

  1. healthy
  2. fresh; refreshing
    friska luften
    (the) fresh air

Declension[edit]

Inflection of frisk
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular frisk friskare friskast
Neuter singular friskt friskare friskast
Plural friska friskare friskast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 friske friskare friskaste
All friska friskare friskaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.