sop

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See also: SOP and söp

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sop, soppe, sope, from Old English sopa (sopped bread), from Proto-Germanic *supô (compare Dutch sop, Old High German sopfa), deverbative of *sūpaną (to sup). More at sup; compare soup.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sop (plural sops)

  1. Something entirely soaked.
    • Shakespeare
      The bounded waters / Should lift their bosoms higher than the shores, / And make a sop of all this solid globe.
  2. A piece of solid food to be soaked in liquid food.
    • Bible, John xiii. 26
      He it is to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it.
    • Francis Bacon
      Sops in wine, quantity for quantity, inebriate more than wine itself.
  3. Something given or done to pacify or bribe.
    • L'Estrange
      All nature is cured with a sop.
    • 1996, Bernard Knox, Introduction to Robert Fagles's translation of The Odyssey:
      The suggested petrification of the ship is a sop to gratify Poseidon and compensate him for a concession--the Phaeacians will not be cut off from the sea.
  4. A weak, easily frightened or ineffectual person; a milksop
  5. (Appalachia) Gravy.
  6. (obsolete) A thing of little or no value.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  7. A piece of turf placed in the road as a target for a throw in road bowling.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sop (third-person singular simple present sops, present participle sopping, simple past and past participle sopped)

  1. To steep or dip in any liquid.
    • 1928, White, Newman Ivey, American Negro Folk-Songs, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, page 227:
      When I die, don't bury me deep, / Put a jug of 'lasses at my feet, / And a piece of corn bread in my hand, / Gwine to sop my way to the promised land.
    • 1945 December 27, Post, Emily, “Sopping Bread May Be Done”, in The Spokesman-Review[1]:
      So again let me say that sopping bread into gravy can be done properly merely by putting a piece down on the gravy and then soaking it with the help of a knife and fork as though it were any other food. But taking a soft piece of bread and pushing it under the sauce with your fingers, submerging them as well as the bread, or even wiping the plate with it would be very bad manners indeed.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sop, from Old Dutch *sop, from Proto-Germanic *suppą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɔp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔp

Noun[edit]

sop n (plural soppen, diminutive sopje n)

  1. water with soap, usually for washing
  2. the sea in terms of somebody who will sail on it
    Het ruime sop kiezen.
    To set sail.

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sop (plural sop-sop, first-person possessive sopku, second-person possessive sopmu, third-person possessive sopnya)

  1. soup

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

sop m (genitive singular soip, nominative plural soip)

  1. wisp, small bundle (of straw, etc.)
  2. straw bedding; (straw) bed

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sop (present analytic sopann, future analytic sopfaidh, verbal noun sopadh, past participle soptha)

  1. (transitive) light with straw

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sop shop
after an, tsop
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "sop" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “sop” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “sop” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soap.

Noun[edit]

sop

  1. cleaner

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sop n (plural soppen)

  1. soup
  2. juice

West Uvean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soap.

Noun[edit]

sop

  1. soap

References[edit]

  • Claire Moyse-Faurie, Borrowings from Romance languages in Oceanic languages, in Aspects of Language Contact (2008, →ISBN