sup

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: SUP, súp, sūp, 'sup, sup., Sup., and šup

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

sup

  1. (mathematics) supremum

Synonyms[edit]

  • (in a lattice)

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English suppen, from Old English sūpan (to swallow, sip), from Proto-Germanic *sūpaną (compare Dutch zuipen (to drink, tipple, booze), German saufen (to drink, booze), Swedish supa (to swallow, drink)), from Proto-Indo-European *sub-, compare Sanskrit सूप (sū́pa, soup, broth), from *sewe (to take liquid). More at suck.

Verb[edit]

sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To sip; to take a small amount of food or drink into the mouth, especially with a spoon.
    • Crashaw
      There I'll sup / Balm and nectar in my cup.

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. A sip; a small amount of food or drink.
    • 1936, George Orwell, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, chapter 8
      A long, long sup of beer flowed gratefully down his gullet.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English soupen, suppen, Anglo-Norman super, from supe, soupe. More at soup.

Verb[edit]

sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To take supper.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      ...I propose we should have up the cold pie, and let him sup.
    • 1879, Bram Stoker, Dracula
      I pray you, be seated and sup how you please. You will, I trust, excuse me that I do not join you; but I have dined already, and I do not sup.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Aphetic form of what's up (how are you doing?)

Interjection[edit]

sup?

  1. (slang) what's up (either as a greeting or actual question)
    Sup?
    — Not much.
    Synonyms: wassup, wudup

Etymology 4[edit]

From s- +‎ up.

Adjective[edit]

sup (not comparable)

  1. (physics) Being or relating to the squark that is the superpartner of an up quark.

Etymology 5[edit]

First syllable of superintendent

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. (informal) Superintendent.
    • 1932, Edward Livermore Burlingame, ‎& Robert Bridges, ‎Alfred Dashiell, Scribner's Magazine - Volume 91, page 64:
      They had put in the stretch-out and they were laying people off and there was talk of a union. "Let's have a union." "Mr. Shaw won't stand for it. The sup won't stand for it."
    • 2011, M. Thomas, Not Today, →ISBN, page 212:
      Cpl. Perez, the radio sup said, "Everything checks out OK, Sarge. We're up and working."
    • 2012, Caroline Court, Rescuing Park Ranger Billie, →ISBN, page 55:
      But here comes the deputy vehicle, cruising right up to the shelter on the bike path. The sup is a retired county sheriff's deputy.

Etymology 6[edit]

First syllable of superior

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. (mathematics) Upper limit.
    • 2001, Mr. Paul Cashin & ‎Mr. C. John McDermott, The Long-Run Behavior of Commodity Prices, →ISBN:
      Values for the sup W statistic in excess of the 5 percent critical value (2.75 for booms and 2.77 for slumps) indicate rejection of the null hypothesis of no change in the dureation of booms and slumps in real commodity prices.
    • 2003 -, Serge Lang -, Complex Analysis, →ISBN, page 271:
      For a wide class of connected open sets U, not necessarily simply connected, one proves the existence of a harmonic function on U having given boundary value (satisfying suitable integrability conditions) by taking the sup of the subharmonic functions having this boundary value.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *tsupa, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱupos (compare English hip, Ancient Greek κύβος (kúbos, vertebra, hollow before the hip (in cattle))).

Noun[edit]

sup m (indefinite plural supe, definite singular supi)

  1. (anatomy) shoulder
    Synonyms: mushk, shpatull

Czech[edit]

Sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Lower Sorbian sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Noun[edit]

sup m anim

  1. vulture

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch.

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Interlingue[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Lower Sorbian[edit]

sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Czech sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m

  1. vulture (bird)

Declension[edit]


Nabi[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. water

References[edit]

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soup.

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Sȕp

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȕp m (Cyrillic spelling су̏п)

  1. vulture
    Synonyms: lèšinār, str̀vinār

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sup”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018

Slovak[edit]

Sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m (genitive singular supa, nominative plural supy, genitive plural supov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. vulture

Usage notes[edit]

The usage of the 2nd declension pattern is limited to fairy tales and children stories.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sup in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup c

  1. a mouthful of liquor (spirits)
    Synonyms: snaps, nubbe, hutt, rackabajsare, pilleknarkare

Declension[edit]

Declension of sup 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sup supen supar suparna
Genitive sups supens supars suparnas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sup

  1. imperative of supa.

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soup.

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. soup

Declension[edit]