sup

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See also: SUP, súp, 'sup, sup., Sup., šup, and суп

Translingual

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Symbol

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sup

  1. (mathematics) supremum

Synonyms

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  • (in a lattice)

English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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The verb is from Middle English soupen, from Old English sūpan (to sip, drink, taste), from Proto-Germanic *sūpaną (compare Dutch zuipen (to drink, tipple, booze), German saufen (to drink, booze), Swedish supa (to drink, swallow)), from Proto-Indo-European *sub-, compare Sanskrit सूप (sū́pa, soup, broth), from *sewe (to take liquid). More at suck.

The noun is from the verb. There is no evidence of continuity with Old English supa.[1] Compare Middle English soupe, from Old English sūpe, which has the same meaning as Middle English sope (a mouthful or small amount of drink),[2] from Old English sopa,[3] whence sop.

Verb

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sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To sip; to take a small amount of food or drink into the mouth, especially with a spoon.
Alternative forms
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Noun

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sup (countable and uncountable, plural sups)

  1. A sip; a small amount of food or drink.
    • 1898, Wilfred Woollam, “Fragments from Two Hearts”, in Child Illa and Other Poems, Sheffield: J. Arthur Bain; London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Ltd., page 163:
      “Then, who,” the sick man meekly said, / “Shall heal the sick and hide the dead?— / “Snatch the despairer’s poisoned cup; / Clothe shame, and give the outcast sup?⁠— / “Lighten, if only by a hair, / The load of human pain and care?”
    • a. 1936, J[oseph] S[mith] Fletcher, “Assault of Hannah’s Castle”, in The Mill House Murder: Being the Last of the Adventures of Ronald Camberwell, Alfred A[braham] Knopf, Inc., published 1937, page 234:
      We’re sisters in a sort and I’ll take Louie home with me and give her sup and shelter.
    • 1936, George Orwell, chapter 8, in Keep the Aspidistra Flying:
      A long, long sup of beer flowed gratefully down his gullet.
    • 2010, Graley Herren, “Beckett on Television”, in S[tanley] E. Gontarski, editor, A Companion to Samuel Beckett, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, →ISBN, part IV (Acts of Performance), page 396:
      The hands touch B upon the head, give him sup from a cup and wipe his brow with a cloth, and finally embrace him as he slumps back down upon his desk.
Alternative forms
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Etymology 2

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From Middle English soupen, suppen, Anglo-Norman super, from supe, soupe. More at soup.

Verb

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sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To eat supper.
    • 1881–1882, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island, London, Paris: Cassell & Company, published 14 November 1883, →OCLC:
      ...I propose we should have up the cold pie, and let him sup.
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula, New York, N.Y.: Modern Library, →OCLC:
      I pray you, be seated and sup how you please. You will, I trust, excuse me that I do not join you; but I have dined already, and I do not sup.
Alternative forms
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Translations
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Etymology 3

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Procopic form of what's up (how are you doing?)

Interjection

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sup?

  1. (slang) what's up (either as a greeting or actual question)
    Synonyms: t'sup, wassup, w'sup, wudup
    Sup?
    — Not much.
Alternative forms
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Etymology 4

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From s- +‎ up.

Adjective

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sup (not comparable)

  1. (physics) Being or relating to the squark that is the superpartner of an up quark.
    Antonym: sdown
Derived terms
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Etymology 5

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First syllable of superintendent.

Noun

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sup (plural sups)

  1. (informal) Superintendent.
    • 1932, Edward Livermore Burlingame, Robert Bridges, Alfred Dashiell, Scribner's Magazine - Volume 91, page 64:
      They had put in the stretch-out and they were laying people off and there was talk of a union. "Let's have a union." "Mr. Shaw won't stand for it. The sup won't stand for it."
    • 2011, M. Thomas, Not Today, →ISBN, page 212:
      Cpl. Perez, the radio sup said, "Everything checks out OK, Sarge. We're up and working."
    • 2012, Caroline Court, Rescuing Park Ranger Billie, →ISBN, page 55:
      But here comes the deputy vehicle, cruising right up to the shelter on the bike path. The sup is a retired county sheriff's deputy.
Alternative forms
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Etymology 6

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First syllable of superior.

Noun

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sup (plural sups)

  1. (mathematics) Supremum, upper limit.
    • 2001, Mr. Paul Cashin, Mr. C. John McDermott, The Long-Run Behavior of Commodity Prices, →ISBN:
      Values for the sup W statistic in excess of the 5 percent critical value (2.75 for booms and 2.77 for slumps) indicate rejection of the null hypothesis of no change in the dureation of booms and slumps in real commodity prices.
    • 2003 -, Serge Lang -, Complex Analysis, →ISBN, page 271:
      For a wide class of connected open sets U, not necessarily simply connected, one proves the existence of a harmonic function on U having given boundary value (satisfying suitable integrability conditions) by taking the sup of the subharmonic functions having this boundary value.
Derived terms
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Etymology 7

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Clipping of supplement.

Noun

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sup (plural sups)

  1. (bodybuilding, colloquial) Supplement.
Descendants
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  • German: Sup

Etymology 8

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First syllable of supervision.

Noun

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sup (plural sups)

  1. (Cambridge University slang) A supervision.
Alternative forms
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See also

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  • lup sup (etymologically unrelated to any of the above terms)

References

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  1. ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Sup (sɐp), sb.”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volumes IX, Part 2 (Su–Th), London: Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 165, column 1:f. Sup v.1 There is no evidence of continuity with OE. súpa (cf. MLG. sûpe, early mod.Du. zuipe, Du. zuip, ON. súpa).
  2. ^ sǒupe, n.(2)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007:Etymology  OE sūpe / Definitions (Senses and Subsenses) / 1. = sope n.(1).
  3. ^ sō̆pe, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007:Etymology OE sopa / Definitions (Senses and Subsenses) / Note: Cp. soupe n.(2). / 1. A mouthful or small amount of drink; [].

Anagrams

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Albanian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Albanian *tsupa, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱupos (compare English hip, Ancient Greek κύβος (kúbos, vertebra, hollow before the hip (in cattle))).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sup m (plural supe, definite supi, definite plural supet)

  1. (anatomy) shoulder
    Synonyms: mushk, shpatull

Declension

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Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs
Sup

Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech sup, from Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Lower Sorbian sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sup m anim

  1. vulture

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • sup”, in Příruční slovník jazyka českého (in Czech), 1935-1957
  • sup”, in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého (in Czech), 1960–1971, 1989

Indonesian

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Etymology

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From Dutch soep (soup), from French soupe, from Latin suppa, from Proto-Germanic *supô.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈsʊp̚]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: sup

Noun

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sup (first-person possessive supku, second-person possessive supmu, third-person possessive supnya)

  1. soup (primarily liquid food)
    Synonyms: kaldu, kuah
    Satu di antaranya adalah soto dan sup.[1]One of them is soto and soup.

Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ 2007, Soto & Sup Nusantara-Citarasa tradisional, Gramedia Pustaka Utama (→ISBN), page 3.

Further reading

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Italian

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Noun

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sup m

  1. stand up paddleboard

Anagrams

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Lower Sorbian

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sup

Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Czech sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sup m animal

  1. vulture (bird)

Declension

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Further reading

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  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928) “sup”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999) “sup”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Nabi

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Noun

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sup

  1. water

References

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  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Nigerian Pidgin

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Etymology

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From English soup.

Noun

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sup

  1. soup

Serbo-Croatian

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Sȕp

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sȕp m (Cyrillic spelling су̏п)

  1. vulture
    Synonyms: lèšinār, str̀vinār

Declension

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References

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  • sup” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

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Sup

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sup m inan (genitive singular supa, nominative plural supy, genitive plural supov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. vulture

Usage notes

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  • The usage of the 2nd declension pattern is limited to fairy tales and children stories.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • sup”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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sup c

  1. (a (complete) drinking of) a drink of hard liquor, a drink
    Synonyms: rackabajsare, pilleknarkare, styrketår
    Jag ska ta mig en sup
    I'm gonna have a drink
    Du verkar stressad, Nisse. Ta dig en sup så att du blir som folk.
    You seem stressed out, Nisse. Have a drink to straighten yourself out.
    1. (a (complete) drinking of) a small amount of hard liquor, typically aquavit or another clear liquor, served in a small glass
      Synonyms: snaps, nubbe, hutt
  2. (archaic) a gulp or small quantity of liquid

Usage notes

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  • Has a somewhat colloquially folksy tone when of having a drink in general.
  • Small enough to be drunk in one gulp in (sense 1.1), and typically intended to be. Basically a shot, without the modern connotations. Often had with food.

Declension

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Declension of sup 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sup supen supar suparna
Genitive sups supens supars suparnas

Derived terms

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Verb

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sup

  1. imperative of supa

References

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Verb

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sup

  1. imperative of supa

Tok Pisin

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Etymology

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From English soup.

Noun

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sup

  1. soup

Volapük

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Noun

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sup (nominative plural sups)

  1. soup

Declension

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