sup

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See also: SUP, súp, sūp, 'sup, sup., Sup., šup, and суп

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

sup

  1. (mathematics) supremum

Synonyms[edit]

  • (in a lattice)

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English suppen, from Old English sūpan (to sip, drink, taste), from Proto-Germanic *sūpaną (compare Dutch zuipen (to drink, tipple, booze), German saufen (to drink, booze), Swedish supa (to drink, swallow)), from Proto-Indo-European *sub-, compare Sanskrit सूप (sū́pa, soup, broth), from *sewe (to take liquid). More at suck.

Verb[edit]

sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To sip; to take a small amount of food or drink into the mouth, especially with a spoon.
    • 1646, Richard Crashaw, Steps to the Temple
      There I'll sup / Balm and nectar in my cup.

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. A sip; a small amount of food or drink.
    • 1936, George Orwell, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, chapter 8
      A long, long sup of beer flowed gratefully down his gullet.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English soupen, suppen, Anglo-Norman super, from supe, soupe. More at soup.

Verb[edit]

sup (third-person singular simple present sups, present participle supping, simple past and past participle supped)

  1. To take supper.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      ...I propose we should have up the cold pie, and let him sup.
    • 1879, Bram Stoker, Dracula
      I pray you, be seated and sup how you please. You will, I trust, excuse me that I do not join you; but I have dined already, and I do not sup.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Aphetic form of what's up (how are you doing?)

Interjection[edit]

sup?

  1. (slang) what's up (either as a greeting or actual question)
    Sup?
    — Not much.
    Synonyms: wassup, wudup

Etymology 4[edit]

From s- +‎ up.

Adjective[edit]

sup (not comparable)

  1. (physics) Being or relating to the squark that is the superpartner of an up quark.

Etymology 5[edit]

First syllable of superintendent.

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. (informal) Superintendent.
    • 1932, Edward Livermore Burlingame, & Robert Bridges, Alfred Dashiell, Scribner's Magazine - Volume 91, page 64:
      They had put in the stretch-out and they were laying people off and there was talk of a union. "Let's have a union." "Mr. Shaw won't stand for it. The sup won't stand for it."
    • 2011, M. Thomas, Not Today, →ISBN, page 212:
      Cpl. Perez, the radio sup said, "Everything checks out OK, Sarge. We're up and working."
    • 2012, Caroline Court, Rescuing Park Ranger Billie, →ISBN, page 55:
      But here comes the deputy vehicle, cruising right up to the shelter on the bike path. The sup is a retired county sheriff's deputy.
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

First syllable of superior

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. (mathematics) Upper limit.
    • 2001, Mr. Paul Cashin & Mr. C. John McDermott, The Long-Run Behavior of Commodity Prices, →ISBN:
      Values for the sup W statistic in excess of the 5 percent critical value (2.75 for booms and 2.77 for slumps) indicate rejection of the null hypothesis of no change in the dureation of booms and slumps in real commodity prices.
    • 2003 -, Serge Lang -, Complex Analysis, →ISBN, page 271:
      For a wide class of connected open sets U, not necessarily simply connected, one proves the existence of a harmonic function on U having given boundary value (satisfying suitable integrability conditions) by taking the sup of the subharmonic functions having this boundary value.

Etymology 7[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup (plural sups)

  1. A stand-up paddleboard

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *tsupa, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱupos (compare English hip, Ancient Greek κύβος (kúbos, vertebra, hollow before the hip (in cattle))).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m (indefinite plural supe, definite singular supi, definite plural supet)

  1. (anatomy) shoulder
    Synonyms: mushk, shpatull

Declension[edit]


Czech[edit]

Sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Lower Sorbian sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m anim

  1. vulture

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch soep (soup), from French soupe, from Latin suppa, from Proto-Germanic *supô.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsʊp̚]
  • Hyphenation: sup

Noun[edit]

sup (plural, first-person possessive supku, second-person possessive supmu, third-person possessive supnya)

  1. soup, any of various dishes commonly made by combining liquids, such as water or stock with other ingredients, such as meat and vegetables, that contribute flavor and texture.
    Satu di antaranya adalah soto dan sup.[1]One of them is soto and soup.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2007, Soto & Sup Nusantara-Citarasa tradisional, Gramedia Pustaka Utama (→ISBN), page 3.

Further reading[edit]


Interlingue[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m

  1. stand up paddleboard

Lower Sorbian[edit]

sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ (vulture). Cognate with Polish sęp, Czech sup, Serbo-Croatian sȕp, and Russian сип (sip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m

  1. vulture (bird)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sup in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • sup in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Nabi[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. water

References[edit]

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soup.

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Sȕp

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȕp m (Cyrillic spelling су̏п)

  1. vulture
    Synonyms: lèšinār, str̀vinār

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • sup” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Sup

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫpъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup m (genitive singular supa, nominative plural supy, genitive plural supov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. vulture

Usage notes[edit]

The usage of the 2nd declension pattern is limited to fairy tales and children stories.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sup in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup c

  1. a mouthful of liquor (spirits)
    Synonyms: snaps, nubbe, hutt, rackabajsare, pilleknarkare

Declension[edit]

Declension of sup 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sup supen supar suparna
Genitive sups supens supars suparnas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sup

  1. imperative of supa.

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English soup.

Noun[edit]

sup

  1. soup

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

sup (nominative plural sups)

  1. soup

Declension[edit]