cup

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: CUP, ćup, and cúp

English[edit]

Rococo cup with saucer, circa 1753
Neoclassical coffee cup with saucer, circa 1790
Cup and saucer, decorated with Gothic Revival ornaments and patterns, from 1827
A measuring cup

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cuppe, coppe, from Old English cuppe (cup), from Late Latin cuppa, probably a form of Latin cūpa (tub), from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- (a hollow). Reinforced in Middle English by Anglo-Norman cupe, from the same Latin source. Compare Saterland Frisian Kop (cup), West Frisian kop, Dutch kop (cup), German Low German Koppke, Köppke (cup), German Kopf (head; top), Danish kop, Swedish kopp.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kŭp, IPA(key): /kʌp/
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  • Rhymes: -ʌp

Noun[edit]

cup (plural cups)

  1. A concave vessel for drinking from, usually made of opaque material (as opposed to a glass) and with a handle.
    • 2013 June 22, “T time”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 68:
      In Starbucks’s case, the firm has in effect turned the process of making an expensive cup of coffee into intellectual property.
    Pour the tea into the cup.
  2. The contents of said vessel; a cupful.
    I drank two cups of water but still felt thirsty.
  3. A customary unit of measure
    1. (US) A US unit of liquid measure equal to 8 fluid ounces (116 of a US gallon; 236.5882365 mL) or 240 mL.
    2. (Canada) A Canadian unit of measure equal to 8 imperial ounces (120 imperial gallon; 227.3 mL) or 250 mL.
    3. (Britain, dated) A British unit of measure equal to 12 imperial pints (10 imperial ounces; 284 mL) or 300 mL.
  4. A trophy in the shape of an oversized cup.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. [] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
    The World Cup is awarded to the winner of a quadrennial football tournament.
  5. A contest for which a cup is awarded.
    The World Cup is the world's most widely watched sporting event.
  6. (soccer) The main knockout tournament in a country, organised alongside the league.
    • 2002, Rob Dimery, Peter Watts, Guinness world records, Gullane Children's Books →ISBN
      Until it was disbanded in 1999, the European Cup-Winners Cup was contested annually by the winners of Europe's national cups.
    • 2011, Michael Grant, Rob Robertson, The Management: Scotland's Great Football Bosses, Birlinn →ISBN
      Wallace had the unique distinction of being the only player ever to play in the English, Welsh and Scottish Cups in the same season.
    • 2014, Martí Perarnau, Pep Confidential: Inside Pep Guardiola's First Season at Bayern Munich, Birlinn →ISBN
      One week earlier, they had lost 5-2 to Borussia Dortmund in the DFB-Pokal [the German cup] final in Berlin.
  7. (golf) A cup-shaped object placed in the target hole.
    The ball just misses the cup.
  8. (in combination) Any of various sweetened alcoholic drinks.
    cider cup; gin cup; claret cup
  9. (US, Canada) A rigid concave protective covering for the male genitalia. (for UK usage see box)
    Players of contact sports are advised to wear a cup.
  10. One of the two parts of a brassiere which each cover a breast, used as a measurement of size.
    The cups are made of a particularly uncomfortable material.
  11. (mathematics) The symbol denoting union and similar operations (confer cap).
  12. A suit of the minor arcana in tarot, or one of the cards from the suit.
  13. (ultimate frisbee) A defensive style characterized by a three player near defense cupping the thrower; or those three players.
  14. A flexible concave membrane used to temporarily attach a handle or hook to a flat surface by means of suction (suction cup).
  15. Anything shaped like a cup.
    the cup of an acorn
    • (Can we date this quote by Shenstone and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The cowslip's golden cup no more I see.
  16. (medicine, historical) A cupping glass or other vessel or instrument used to produce the vacuum in cupping.
  17. That which is to be received or indured; that which is allotted to one; a portion of blessings and afflictions.
    • Bible, Matthew 26:39
      O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Hebrew: קאפ(kap)
  • Japanese: カップ (kappu)
  • Korean: (keop)
  • Maori: kapu

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

cup (third-person singular simple present cups, present participle cupping, simple past and past participle cupped)

  1. (transitive) To form into the shape of a cup, particularly of the hands.
    Cup your hands and I'll pour some rice into them.
  2. (transitive) To hold something in cupped hands.
    He cupped the ball carefully in his hands.
  3. (transitive) To pour (a liquid, drink, etc.) into a cup.
    We are cupping some new brands of coffee today.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To supply with cups of wine.
  5. (transitive, surgery, archaic) To apply a cupping apparatus to; to subject to the operation of cupping.
  6. (transitive, engineering) To make concave or in the form of a cup.
    to cup the end of a screw

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *tˢupa, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱuh₁-po- (compare Sanskrit शोफ (śópha, swelling)), from *ḱuh₁- (to swell up).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cup m (feminine cupe)

  1. odd (not even)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Gheg variant of sup.

Noun[edit]

cup m (indefinite plural cupe, definite singular cupi, definite plural cupet)

  1. shoulder
Declension[edit]

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *capum, from Latin caput. Compare Italian capo, Romanian cap, Spanish cabo.

Noun[edit]

cup m

  1. head

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English cup.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑp/, [ˈkɑp]
  • Syllabification: cup

Noun[edit]

cup

  1. cup (contest)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of cup (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative cup cupit
genitive cupin cupien
partitive cupia cupeja
illative cupiin cupeihin
singular plural
nominative cup cupit
accusative nom. cup cupit
gen. cupin
genitive cupin cupien
partitive cupia cupeja
inessive cupissa cupeissa
elative cupista cupeista
illative cupiin cupeihin
adessive cupilla cupeilla
ablative cupilta cupeilta
allative cupille cupeille
essive cupina cupeina
translative cupiksi cupeiksi
instructive cupein
abessive cupitta cupeitta
comitative cupeineen
Possessive forms of cup (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person cupini cupimme
2nd person cupisi cupinne
3rd person cupinsa

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From English cup (trophy)

Noun[edit]

cup m (definite singular cupen, indefinite plural cuper, definite plural cupene)

  1. (sports) cup (trophy; the competition culminating in the winning of the trophy)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English cup (trophy)

Noun[edit]

cup m (definite singular cupen, indefinite plural cupar, definite plural cupane)

  1. (sports) cup (as above)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English cup.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cup c

  1. (sports) cup

Declension[edit]

Declension of cup 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative cup cupen cuper cuperna
Genitive cups cupens cupers cupernas

References[edit]