kop

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Kop, kóp, köp, and kʼop

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans kop, from Dutch kop, from Middle Dutch cop.

Noun[edit]

kop (plural kops)

  1. (South Africa) A hill or mountain.
    • 2012, William Manchester, Paul Reid, The Last Lion Box Set: Winston Spencer Churchill, 1874 - 1965, Little, Brown (→ISBN):
      [] a zigzag line of Lee-Enfield flashes, and a charge which took the kop at a cost of ten casualties. The victors held the key to the Ladysmith lock.
    • 2014, Colin D. Heaton, Four-War Boer: The Century and Life of Pieter Arnoldus Krueler, Casemate (→ISBN):
      Within three hours, we took the kop. The dead and wounded were everywhere.
      The Boers had taken the kop, collected their prisoners and had suffered very few casualties. However, they did not have the strength to hold the prisoners []
    • 2019, Christiaan Rudolf De Wet, Three Years' War, Good Press:
      A party of burghers, under Commandant Nel, of Kroonstad, were ordered to station themselves on a kop with a flat top, called Swartbooiskop, an hour and a half to the south of Nicholson's Nek.

Related terms[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kop, from Middle Dutch cop, probably from Late Latin cuppa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kop (plural koppe, diminutive koppie)

  1. head
  2. mountain, summit, peak

Descendants[edit]

  • English: kop

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From kopat, kopnout.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkop]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kop

Noun[edit]

kop m inan

  1. kick

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kop in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kop in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse koppr, from Middle Low German kop, from Latin cuppa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kop c (singular definite koppen, plural indefinite kopper)

  1. A cup; A concave vessel for holding liquid, generally adorned with either a handle or a stem (confer goblet, glass.)
    ... kop.
    Pour the wine into the cup.

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch cop, probably from Late Latin cuppa.

Noun[edit]

kop m (plural koppen, diminutive kopje n)

  1. cup (for drinking)
    Nog een kopje thee?
    (Do you want) another cup of tea?
    Synonyms: mok, tas
  2. (for animals, colloquial and derogatory for humans) head
    Buldogs hebben een angstaanjagende kop.
    Bulldogs have a scary head.
    Hou je kop!
    Shut your hole!
    Synonym: hoofd
  3. (colloquial, by extension) a (male) human
    Wat een kwaaie kop!
    What an angry guy!
  4. head of a nail, pin etc.
    Je slaat de spijker op de kop.
    You hit the nail on the head.
  5. front, lead, e.g. in a race; charge, control.
    De underdog ligt op kop.
    The underdog is in the lead.
  6. heading (of a text), headline
  7. heads (side of a coin)
    Synonym: kruis
    Antonym: munt
  8. pegbox (part of a stringed instrument that holds the tuning pegs)
  9. one head's height
    Hij is een kop groter dan ik.
    He is a head taller than me.
Usage notes[edit]

It is considered impolite to refer to someone's head with kop. That word normally only refers to the head of animals, although for horses, which are considered noble animals, hoofd is generally used.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

kop

  1. first-person singular present indicative of koppen
  2. imperative of koppen

Finnish[edit]

Interjection[edit]

kop

  1. (onomatopoeia, usually repeated) knock

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kop, from Middle Dutch cop, probably from Late Latin cuppa. Cognate to Afrikaans kop.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kop/, [ˈkɔp̚]
  • Hyphenation: kop

Noun[edit]

kop (first-person possessive kopku, second-person possessive kopmu, third-person possessive kopnya)

  1. heading (of a text), headline
  2. handset
  3. head
    Synonym: kepala
  4. cup

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔp/
  • Rhymes: -ɔp
  • Syllabification: kop

Etymology 1[edit]

See kopać.

Noun[edit]

kop m inan or m anim

  1. (colloquial) kick (hit or strike with the leg or foot)
    Synonyms: kopniak, kopnięcie
Declension[edit]

or

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kop

  1. genitive plural of kopa
    Synonym: kóp

Verb[edit]

kop

  1. second-person singular imperative of kopać

Further reading[edit]

  • kop in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kop in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from kopati.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑p m inan

  1. hoe (tool)

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

  • kop”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Finnish kuoppa.

Noun[edit]

kop

  1. pit

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian kopp, from Proto-West Germanic *kopp. Compare Dutch kop, German Kopf.

Noun[edit]

kop c (plural koppen, diminutive kopke)

  1. cup
  2. head
    Synonym: holle

Further reading[edit]

  • kop (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011
  • kop (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kópr (one who stares.)

Noun[edit]

kop m

  1. Rogue; gaping, rude, untidy or unpleasant person.

Related terms[edit]