poculum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin poculum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poculum ‎(plural pocula)

  1. A drinking-cup used in Ancient Rome.
    • 1989, Anthony Burgess, The Devil's Mode
      They sat together over elaborate glass pocula blown in Cologne; the wine too was Rhenish.

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pōtlo- (with the instrument suffix *-tlo-, that yields -culum, compare Sanskrit पात्र ‎(pātra, drinking vessel)), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₃- ‎(drink). Compare bibo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pōculum n ‎(genitive pōculī); second declension

  1. a drinking cup.
    Velisne poculum potionis Arabicae?
    Would you like a cup of coffee?

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pōculum pōcula
genitive pōculī pōculōrum
dative pōculō pōculīs
accusative pōculum pōcula
ablative pōculō pōculīs
vocative pōculum pōcula

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • poculum” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • poculum” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to drain the cup of poison: poculum mortis (mortiferum) exhaurire (Cluent. 11. 31)
    • I drink your health: propīno tibi hoc (poculum, salutem)
    • whilst drinking; at table: inter pocula
    • to empty a cup at a draught: exhaurire poculum
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill