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Borrowed from Latin poculum. Doublet of bucchero.



poculum (plural pocula)

  1. (historical) A drinking-cup used in Ancient Rome.
    • 1989, Anthony Burgess, The Devil's Mode
      They sat together over elaborate glass pocula blown in Cologne; the wine too was Rhenish.

Related terms[edit]


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Italic *pōtlom, from Proto-Indo-European *péh₃tlom, derived from the root *peh₃- (to drink) (whence also bibō).
Cognate with Old Irish ól, and Sanskrit पात्र (pātra).



pōculum n (genitive pōculī); second declension

  1. a drinking cup.
    Visne poculum meri?
    Would you like a cup of strong wine?


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pōculum pōcula
Genitive pōculī pōculōrum
Dative pōculō pōculīs
Accusative pōculum pōcula
Ablative pōculō pōculīs
Vocative pōculum pōcula

Derived terms[edit]


  • English: poculum
  • Italian: poculo
  • Portuguese: púcaro
  • Spanish: póculo


  • poculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • poculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • poculum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • poculum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to drain the cup of poison: poculum mortis (mortiferum) exhaurire (Cluent. 11. 31)
    • I drink your health: propīno tibi hoc (poculum, salutem)
    • whilst drinking; at table: inter pocula
    • to empty a cup at a draught: exhaurire poculum
  • poculum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • poculum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[2], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN