כוס

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *kaʾs- (cup), by way of the Canaanite shift.

Noun[edit]

כּוֹס (kosf (plural indefinite כּוֹסוֹת‎, singular construct כּוֹס־, plural construct כּוֹסוֹת־‎)

  1. A cup, glass, tumbler.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • Like other words that start with ב‎,‎ ג‎,‎ ד‎,‎ כ‎,‎ פ‎,‎ or ת‎, this term's initial letter takes a dagesh lene. In older texts, that dagesh is usually dropped when the word is preceded, in the same phrase, by a word ending in a mater lectionis; in modern texts, the dagesh is usually preserved even in such a case. Likewise, in older texts, the dagesh is always dropped when the word is prefixed by an indefinite ב־‎‏,‎ כ־‎‏,‎ or ל־‎‏, or by ו־‎‏; in modern speech, the dagesh is often preserved in such a case. (After the definite ב־‎‏,‎ כ־‎‏,‎ and ל־‎‏, and after the prefixes ה־‎‏,‎ מ־‎‏,‎ and ש־‎‏, there is a dagesh forte, as described in the usage notes for those prefixes.)
  • This noun is feminine in the Bible, but is masculine in the Mishnah and in later writings, even to modern times. When Hebrew was reinvented as a spoken language, though, the word reverted to feminine, as in the Bible.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

כּוֹס (kosm

  1. little owl (species of owl)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic كُس(kus), from Persian کس(kos, cunt).

Noun[edit]

כּוּס (kusm

  1. (vulgar, taboo slang) A pussy (vagina).

Derived terms[edit]