מ־

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ⁧מִן(min), by assimilation of the /n/ to the following consonant.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

מִ־ (mi-)

  1. From, of, from inside.
    1. Introducing a noun or other nominal.
      יצאתי מהחדר.⁩ ― yatzáti mehakhéder.I left [literally went out from] the room.
      מתי מגיעה הטיסה מתל אביב?⁩ ― matái magi'á hatisá mitel-avív?When does the flight from Tel Aviv arrive?
    2. Introducing a prepositional phrase or other adverbial.
      הכרתי אותו מלפני הרבה שנים.⁩ ― hikárti otó milifnéi harbé shaním.I've known him since many years ago [literally from before many years].
  2. Than, more than.
    הוא יותר גבוה ממנה.⁩ ― hu yotér gavóah miménah.He is taller [literally more tall] than she is.
    הוא גבוה ממנה.⁩ ― hu gavóah miménah.He is taller [literally tall] than she is .
  3. (in negative) Without, without the existence or presence of.
  4. Because of, due to, for.
    רק מסיבה אחת הסכמתי: ביקשת.⁩ ― rak misibá akhát hiskámti: bikásht(a).For only one reason did I agree to: you asked.
  5. Used to construe various verbs.
    ביקשו ממך גם?⁩ ― bikshú mimkhá/mimékh gam?Did they ask [literally ask from] you, too?
    כולם מפחדים ממנו.⁩ ― kulám m'fakh'dím miménu.Everyone is afraid of him/us.
    ניסינו למנוע מזה לקרות.⁩ ― nisínu limnóa mize likrót.We tried to prevent it from happening.
    שכחנו מההצגה.⁩ ― shakhákhnu mehahatzagá.We forgot about the play.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In writing with niqqud, the preposition ⁧מִ־⁩ induces a dagesh khazak (gemination) in the following consonant, unless that consonant is a guttural one, and thus, does not accept dagesh (i.e. ⁧א⁩, ⁧ה⁩, ⁧ח⁩, ⁧ע⁩, or ⁧ר⁩), in which case the preposition becomes ⁧מֵ־(me-), except before ⁧חוט(khut, thread), ⁧חוץ(khutz, outside), ⁧היות(h'yot, be), where it remains ⁧מִ־⁩. However, neither gemination nor the vowel change is ordinarily reflected in Modern Israeli Hebrew pronunciation.

Inflection[edit]

  • מִ־⁩ shares its inflected forms with ⁧מִן(min).

References[edit]