gallon

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Gallon

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English gallon, galoun, galun, from Old Northern French galun, galon (liquid measure) (compare Old French jalon), from Late Latin galum, galus (measure of wine), from Vulgar Latin *galla (vessel), possibly from Gaulish [Term?], ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (goblet). Cognate with Ancient Greek κύλιξ (kúlix, cup), Sanskrit कलश (kalaśa, jar, pitcher; measure of liquid). Related to Old French gille (wine measure) (from Medieval Latin gillō (earthenware jar)), Old French jale (bowl), Old French jaloie (measure of capacity).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡælən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ælən
  • Hyphenation: gal‧lon

Noun[edit]

gallon (plural gallons)

  1. A unit of volume, equivalent to eight pints
  2. (Britain, Canada) exactly 4.54609 liters; an imperial gallon
  3. (US) 231 cubic inches or approximately 3.785 liters for liquids (a "U.S. liquid gallon")
  4. (US) one-eighth of a U.S. bushel or approximately 4.405 liters for dry goods (a "U.S. dry gallon").
  5. (in the plural, informal) A large quantity (of any liquid).
    The pipe burst and gallons of water flooded into the kitchen.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Cebuano: galon
  • Czech: galon
  • Portuguese: galão
  • Serbo-Croatian: galon
  • Swahili: galoni
  • Turkish: galon

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

gallon m (plural gallons)

  1. gallon

Further reading[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡɒlːon]
  • Hyphenation: gal‧lon

Etymology 1[edit]

An internationalism via English gallon.[1]

Noun[edit]

gallon (plural gallonok)

  1. gallon (a unit of volume)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative gallon gallonok
accusative gallont gallonokat
dative gallonnak gallonoknak
instrumental gallonnal gallonokkal
causal-final gallonért gallonokért
translative gallonná gallonokká
terminative gallonig gallonokig
essive-formal gallonként gallonokként
essive-modal
inessive gallonban gallonokban
superessive gallonon gallonokon
adessive gallonnál gallonoknál
illative gallonba gallonokba
sublative gallonra gallonokra
allative gallonhoz gallonokhoz
elative gallonból gallonokból
delative gallonról gallonokról
ablative gallontól gallonoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
galloné gallonoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
gallonéi gallonokéi
Possessive forms of gallon
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gallonom gallonjaim
2nd person sing. gallonod gallonjaid
3rd person sing. gallonja gallonjai
1st person plural gallonunk gallonjaink
2nd person plural gallonotok gallonjaitok
3rd person plural gallonjuk gallonjaik

Etymology 2[edit]

gall (Gallic; Gaul) +‎ -on (on, superessive suffix)

Adjective[edit]

gallon

  1. superessive singular of gall

Noun[edit]

gallon

  1. superessive singular of gall

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. 2nd, expanded and revised edition. →ISBN

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Northern French galon, from Late Latin galum, galus (measure of wine), from Vulgar Latin *galla (vessel), possibly from Gaulish [Term?], ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (goblet).

Noun[edit]

gallon m (plural gallons)

  1. (Jersey) gallon

Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

gallon

  1. gallon (a unit of volume)
    gallon benzin 3 dollarğa citsä
    if a gallon of gasoline reaches 3 dollars

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

[1]