soap

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See also: Soap and SOAP

English[edit]

Bars of soap

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sope, sape, from Old English sāpe (soap, salve), from Proto-West Germanic *saipā, from Proto-Germanic *saipǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *seyb-, *seyp- (to pour out, drip, trickle, strain).

Cognate with Scots saip, sape (soap), Saterland Frisian Seepe (soap), West Frisian sjippe (soap), Dutch zeep (soap), German Low German Seep (soap), German Seife (soap), Danish sæbe (soap), Swedish såpa (soap), Norwegian Bokmål såpe (soap), Norwegian Nynorsk såpe (soap), Faroese sápa (soap), Icelandic sápa (soap). Related also to Old English sāp (amber, resin, pomade, unguent), Latin sēbum (tallow, fat, grease). See seep. Latin sāpō (soap) is a borrowing from the Germanic.

Noun[edit]

soap (countable and uncountable, plural soaps)

  1. (countable, uncountable) A substance able to mix with both oil and water, used for cleaning, often in the form of a solid bar (bar soap) or in liquid form (liquid soap), derived from fats or made synthetically.
    I tried washing my hands with soap, but the stain wouldn't go away.
  2. (chemistry) A metallic salt derived from a fatty acid
  3. Flattery or excessively complacent conversation.
    His comments were just a lot of soft soap to flatter me.
  4. (slang) Money, specially when used as a bribe.
  5. (countable, informal) A soap opera.
  6. (countable) A solid masonry unit or brick reduced in depth or height from standard dimensions.
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Verb[edit]

soap (third-person singular simple present soaps, present participle soaping, simple past and past participle soaped)

  1. (transitive) To apply soap to in washing.
    Be sure to soap yourself well before rinsing.
  2. (transitive, informal) To cover, lather or in any other form treat with soap, often as a prank.
    Those kids soaped my windows!
  3. (transitive, informal) To be discreet about (a topic).
  4. (slang, dated) To flatter; to wheedle.
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Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

soap (uncountable)

  1. (slang) sodium pentothal
    • 2013, John Gardner, James Bond: The John Gardner Years
      'Time? Doesn't have much meaning when they're trying to dry you out. I rather think they gave me a shot of soap at one point.' Soap is intelligence speak for sodium pentathol.

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English soap. Doublet of zeep.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soap f (plural soaps, diminutive soapje n)

  1. soap opera, soap

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English soap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soap m (plural soaps)

  1. soap opera, soap

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