From Middle English turf, torf, from Old English turf (“turf, sod, soil, piece of grass covered earth, greensward”), from Proto-Germanic *turbz (“turf, lawn”), from Proto-Indo-European *derbʰ- (“tuft, grass”). Cognate with Dutch turf (“turf”), Low German torf (“turf”), German dialectal Turbe (“turf”), German Torf (“peat, turf”), Swedish torv (“turf”), Icelandic torf (“turf”), Russian трава (trava, “grass”), Sanskrit [script needed] (darbha, “a kind of grass”).
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)f
- A layer of earth covered with grass; sod.
- A piece of such a layer cut from the soil and used to make a lawn.
- (Ireland) A sod of peat used as fuel.
- (slang) The territory claimed by a person, gang, etc. as their own.
- A racetrack; or the sport of racing horses.
- to create a lawn by laying turfs
- (Ultimate Frisbee) To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release.
- (business) To fire from a job or dismiss from a task.
- Eight managers were turfed after the merger of the two companies.
- (business) To cancel a project or product.
- The company turfed the concept car because the prototype performed poorly.