turf

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English turf, torf, from Old English turf ‎(turf, sod, soil, piece of grass covered earth, greensward), from Proto-Germanic *turbz ‎(turf, lawn), from Proto-Indo-European *derbʰ- ‎(tuft, grass). Cognate with Dutch turf ‎(turf), Low German torf ‎(turf), German dialectal Turbe ‎(turf), German Torf ‎(peat, turf), Swedish torv ‎(turf), Icelandic torf ‎(turf), Russian трава ‎(trava, grass), Sanskrit दर्भ ‎(darbha, a kind of grass), दूर्वा ‎(dūrvā, bent grass).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turf ‎(plural turfs or turves or turf)

  1. A layer of earth covered with grass; sod.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      Miss Thorn began digging up the turf with her lofter: it was a painful moment for me. ¶ “You might at least have tried me, Mrs. Cooke,” I said.
  2. A piece of such a layer cut from the soil and used to make a lawn.
  3. (Ireland) A sod of peat used as fuel.
  4. (slang) The territory claimed by a person, gang, etc. as their own.
  5. A racetrack; or the sport of racing horses.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

turf ‎(third-person singular simple present turfs, present participle turfing, simple past and past participle turfed)

  1. to create a lawn by laying turfs
  2. (Ultimate Frisbee) To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release.
  3. (business) To fire from a job or dismiss from a task.
    Eight managers were turfed after the merger of the two companies.
  4. (business) To cancel a project or product.
    The company turfed the concept car because the prototype performed poorly.

Derived terms[edit]

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

turf m ‎(plural turven, diminutive turfje n)

  1. peat

Anagrams[edit]

Verb[edit]

turf

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turven
  2. imperative of turven

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

turf m ‎(plural turfs)

  1. racetrack