From Middle English turf, torf, from Old English turf (“turf, sod, soil, piece of grass covered earth, greensward”), from Proto-Germanic *turbz (“turf, lawn”), from Proto-Indo-European *derbʰ- (“tuft, grass”). Cognate with Dutch turf (“turf”), Low German torf (“turf”), German dialectal Turbe (“turf”), German Torf (“peat, turf”), Swedish torv (“turf”), Icelandic torf (“turf”), Russian трава (trava, “grass”), Sanskrit दर्भ (darbha, “a kind of grass”), दूर्वा (dūrvā, “bent grass”).
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)f
- A layer of earth covered with grass; sod.
- A piece of such a layer cut from the soil and used to make a lawn.
- (Ireland) A sod of peat used as fuel.
- (slang) The territory claimed by a person, gang, etc. as their own.
- A racetrack; or the sport of racing horses.
- to create a lawn by laying turfs
- (Ultimate Frisbee) To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release.
- (business) To fire from a job or dismiss from a task.
- Eight managers were turfed after the merger of the two companies.
- (business) To cancel a project or product.
- The company turfed the concept car because the prototype performed poorly.
turf m (plural turfs)