なり

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Reading of various words.

Noun[edit]

なり (rōmaji nari)

  1. , : clothing; appearance; shape; form
  2. : occupation
  3. 生り: bearing (of fruits)
  4. 成り, 為り: (shogi) promotion
  5. 鳴り: ringing

Verb[edit]

なり (rōmaji nari)

  1. : The classical Japanese copula “to be”, equivalent to modern Japanese である (de aru) or (da).

Etymology 2[edit]

/ni ari//nari/

Contraction of older (ni, case particle) +‎ あり (ari, to be, to exist).[1]

Verb[edit]

なり (rōmaji nari)

  1. : the classical Japanese copula “to be”, equivalent to modern Japanese である (de aru) or (da)
    • c. late 9th – mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
      おのが身はこの国の人もあらず、月の都の人なり
Usage notes[edit]
  • Conjugation:
未然形 連用形 終止形 連体形 已然形 命令形
なら なり
なり なる なれ なれ
  • Attaches to a nominal or the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) of declinables.
  • The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form), (ni), is usually used in the construction + あり (侍り候ふ). Like (de) + ある (aru), binding particles may be inserted.

Etymology 3[edit]

From the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the classical auxiliary verb なり.

Particle[edit]

なり (rōmaji nari)

  1. Used when giving an example, without the implication that it might be the best or the only option
     (ろう) (どう) (きょく)なり (そう) (だん)したらどうですか?
    Rōdōkyoku ni nari sōdan shitara dō desu ka?
    What about consulting, for example, the Labor Bureau?
  2. ... or ...
     (らく) (てん)なりどこなり () (もの)をする[1]
    Rakuten nari doko nari de kaimono o suru
    to shop at Rakuten or somewhere
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From なり (, , nari).

Particle[edit]

なり (rōmaji nari)

  1. (after a verb in the dictionary form) ... as soon as ...
     (よう) () (えん)から (かえ)なり (はは) ()きついてきました。
    Yōchien kara kaeru nari, haha ni dakitsuite kimashita.
    As soon as she returned from kindergarten; she clung to her mom.
  2. (after a verb in the past tense ) ... while ...
     ()なり ()ごうとしません[2]
    kita nari nugō to shimasen
    [it's so comfortable that] I don't want to take it off while wearing it
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan