なり

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Reading of various words.

Noun[edit]

なり (nari

  1. , : clothing; appearance; shape; form
  2. : occupation
  3. 生り: bearing (of fruits)
  4. 成り, 為り: (shogi) promotion
  5. 鳴り: ringing

Etymology 2[edit]

/ni ari//nari/

Contraction of older (ni, case particle) +‎ あり (ari, to be, to exist).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

なり (nari

  1. (Classical Japanese, now archaic) The classical copula “to be”, equivalent to modern Japanese である (de aru) or (da).

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • Attaches to a nominal or the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) of declinables.
  • The 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the copula can be spelled in kanji as or 𬼂.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the classical auxiliary verb なり.

Particle[edit]

なり (nari

  1. Used when giving an example, without the implication that it might be the best or the only option
    (ろう)(どう)(きょく)なり(そう)(だん)したらどうですか?
    Rōdōkyoku ni nari sōdan shitara dō desu ka?
    What about consulting, for example, the Labor Bureau?
  2. ... or ...
    (らく)(てん)なりどこなり()(もの)をする[1]
    Rakuten nari doko nari de kaimono o suru
    to shop at Rakuten or somewhere
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From なり (, , nari).

Particle[edit]

なり (nari

  1. (after a verb in the dictionary form) ... as soon as ...
    (よう)()(えん)から(かえ)なり(はは)()きついてきました。
    Yōchien kara kaeru nari, haha ni dakitsuite kimashita.
    As soon as she returned from kindergarten; she clung to her mom.
  2. (after a verb in the past tense ) ... while ...
    ()なり()ごうとしません[2]
    kita nari nugō to shimasen
    [it's so comfortable that] She doesn't want to take it off while wearing it
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan