なら

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Particle[edit]

なら ‎(romaji nara)

  1. A conditional particle appended to the plain form of a verb.
    • 暑いなら、エアコンをつけて。
      あついなら、エアコンをつけて。
      Atsui nara, eakon o tsukete.
      If you’re hot, turn on the air conditioner.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Use of なら (nara) implies that the verb before なら (nara) succeeds the verb after なら (nara) in time. This is the opposite of the conditional particle たら ‎(tara), which implies that the first verb will precede the second verb. Contrast:
    友達 (ともだち) ()なら (わたし)はピザを注文 (ちゅうもん)する。
    Tomodachi ga kuru nara, watashi wa piza o chūmon suru.
    If our friends come, I will order pizza [first].
    友達 (ともだち) ()たら (わたし)はピザを注文 (ちゅうもん)する。
    Tomodachi ga kitara, watashi wa piza o chūmon suru.
    If our friends come, I will order pizza [afterward].
    • Notice that a verb in the past tense is needed to use たら ‎(tara). The ~た ‎(—ta) from the past tense is replaced by たら ‎(tara).
  • Another well-known contrast between the two conditionals is the popular public service announcement:
     ()んだら ()るな。 ()なら ()むな。
    Nondara noru na. noru nara nomu na.
    If you drink, don’t drive. If you [are going to] drive, don’t drink.

Proper noun[edit]

なら ‎(romaji Nara)

  1. 奈良: Nara, a city in central Japan.
    奈良 (なら) (けん)
    nara-ken.
    Nara Prefecture.
    奈良 (なら)時代 (じだい)
    nara-jidai.
    The Nara Period.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]