奈良

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

how can one help good; very; very much
simp. and trad.
(奈良)

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 奈良 (Nara).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

奈良

  1. () Nara (a prefecture of Japan)
  2. () Nara (a city in Nara Prefecture, Japan)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
(ateji)

Grade: 4
(ateji)
goon nanori
Alternative spellings 寧楽
平城
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Various ancient spellings suggest forms ending in -ku or -ki. This latter element is not attested past the Old Japanese stage:

奈羅, 那羅, , 儺羅 名良, 奈良, 那良 那楽, 寧楽 平城  ⟨nara⟩  ⟨nara⟩  ⟨naraku⟩  ⟨naraki2   /nara/  */naraᵑ/  */narakʉ/  */narakɨ/ /nara/

According to the Nihon Shoki (720 CE), the placename is derived from the Japanese verb 均す, 平す (narasu, to flatten).[1] In The Study of Place Names, Kunio Yanagida stated, “Nara stands for ‘flatland’.”[2]

However, an analysis of Old Japanese phonetic spellings (man'yōgana) reveals that the city name was often spelled with a final -ku or -ki element, which makes it phonologically unlikely that the city name derives directly from the verb narasu. The root from which the verb itself derives, nar-, appears in various terms related to “flat” or “flatness”, a fitting descriptor for the local geography. The final -ku or -ki element in the ancient spellings may be Old Japanese (ki2 → ki, palisade, stronghold, fortress, castle), as also suggested in the alternative kanji spelling 平城 (literally flat stronghold). See also the discussion of the city name's etymology on Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

奈良(なら) (Nara

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 奈良県 (Nara-ken): Nara Prefecture
    2. Short for 奈良市 (Nara-shi): the capital city of Nara in northern Nara Prefecture
  2. a surname

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ On the tenth year of Emperor Sujin's reign, Water Rat day of the ninth month, “then, leading selected soldiers, (the rebels) went forward, climbed Nara-yama (hills lying to the north of Heijō-kyō) and put them in order. Now the imperial forces gathered and flattened trees and plants. Therefore, the mountain is called Nara-yama.”
  2. ^ 柳田国男 YANAGIDA Kunio (1936), 『地名の研究』 (The Study of Place Names), 古今書院, pp.217-219
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Old Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Nihon Shoki (720 CE):

則率精兵、進登那羅山而軍之。時官軍屯聚、而蹢草木。因以號其山那羅山。〈蹢跙、此云布瀰那羅須
The selected soldiers went forward, climbed Nara-yama, and put them in order. Now the imperial forces gathered and flattened trees and plants. Therefore, the mountain is called Nara-yama (“Flattened” is read as fuminarasu).

However, analysis of phonetic spellings reveals that the placename was often spelled with a final -ku or -ki2 element.

Proper noun[edit]

奈良 (Nara) (kana なら)

  1. a placename in 大和 (Yamato2, Yamato Province), the seat of power of the ancient Yamato court

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 奈良 (Nara)